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Understanding the Agricultural Input Landscape in Sub-Saharan Africa : Recent Plot, Household, and Community-Level Evidence

ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS AGRICULTURAL AREAS AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES AGRICULTURAL DATA AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL ECONOMISTS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICES AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AGRICULTURAL HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AGRICULTURAL LAND AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT AGRICULTURAL PLOT AGRICULTURAL PLOTS AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH AGRICULTURAL SEASON AGRICULTURE AGROCHEMICALS ANIMAL TRACTION ANIMALS ARABLE LAND ATTAINABLE YIELDS AVERAGE YIELDS BARLEY BEANS CASSAVA CGIAR CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS CHEMICAL USE CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE COCOA COFFEE COMMERCIAL SEED COMPOST CONSULTATIVE GROUP ON INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CONSUMPTION AGGREGATE CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION QUINTILES COOPERATIVE FARMING COOPERATIVES CORN COTTON COWPEAS CROP CROP CHOICE CROP LAND CROP LOSSES CROP PRODUCTION CROP RESIDUES CROP TYPES CROP VARIETIES CROP YIELDS CROPS CULTIVATED LAND CULTIVATION DISEASES DIVERSIFICATION DURUM WHEAT ECOLOGICAL ZONE ECOLOGICAL ZONES ECONOMICS EQUIPMENT EXPORT CROPS FALLOW LAND FAO FARM FARM IRRIGATION FARM MANAGEMENT FARM PROFITABILITY FARM SIZE FARMER FARMERS FARMING FARMING HOUSEHOLDS FARMING INTENSITY FARMING SYSTEM FARMING SYSTEMS FARMS FERTILIZER FERTILIZER APPLICATION FERTILIZER APPLICATIONS FERTILIZER PRICES FERTILIZER SUBSIDY FERTILIZER USE FERTILIZERS FOOD PRICES FUNGI FUNGICIDES GERMPLASM GRAIN GRAINS GREEN REVOLUTION GROUNDNUT GROUNDNUTS GROWING SEASON HARVESTS HECTARES OF LAND HERBICIDES HOUSEHOLD DEMOGRAPHICS HOUSEHOLD HEAD HOUSEHOLD HEADS HOUSEHOLD SIZE HUMAN CAPITAL HYBRID SEED HYBRID SEEDS IFPRI INCIDENCE OF PESTS INDIVIDUAL FARMERS INORGANIC FERTILIZERS INSECTICIDES IRRIGATION TECHNOLOGIES LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LAND PREPARATION LAND RIGHTS LAND SIZE LIVESTOCK LIVESTOCK OWNERSHIP LIVING STANDARDS MAIZE MANUAL WEEDING MANURE MARKETING MILLET NITROGEN ORGANIC MANURE PEST MANAGEMENT PEST PRESSURE PESTICIDE PESTICIDES PHOSPHATE PIGEON PEAS PLANTING PLOWING POOR CONSUMERS PRODUCE PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH REGIONAL AVERAGE REGIONAL BREAKDOWN REGIONAL LEVEL REGIONAL VARIATION RICE RURAL AREAS RURAL POPULATION RURAL SERVICES SEED SEED VARIETIES SEEDS SMALL-SCALE IRRIGATION SMALLHOLDER FARMERS SOIL EROSION SOIL FERTILITY SOIL HEALTH SOIL QUALITY SORGHUM SOYBEANS SUBSISTENCE TOBACCO UREA USE OF PESTICIDES WATER SOURCE WEEDS WHEAT YIELDS
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World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa
2014-10-02T20:53:32Z | 2014-10-02T20:53:32Z | 2014-08

Conventional wisdom holds that Sub-Saharan African farmers use few modern inputs despite the fact that most growth-inducing and poverty-reducing agricultural growth in the region is expected to come largely from expanded use of inputs that embody improved technologies, particularly improved seed, fertilizers and other agro-chemicals, machinery, and irrigation. Yet following several years of high food prices, concerted policy efforts to intensify fertilizer and hybrid seed use, and increased public and private investment in agriculture, how low is modern input use in Africa really? This paper revisits Africa's agricultural input landscape, exploiting the unique, recently collected, nationally representative, agriculturally intensive, and cross-country comparable Living Standard Measurement Study-Integrated Surveys on Agriculture covering six countries in the region (Ethiopia, Malawi, Niger, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda). The study uses data from more than 22,000 households and 62,000 plots to investigate a range of commonly held conceptions about modern input use in Africa, distilling the most striking and important findings into 10 key takeaway descriptive results.

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