This report presents recommendations to assist the promotion of socially and environmentally responsible artisanal mining practices, discusses formalization of the artisanal mining sector, and advises organization into cooperatives in the Central African Republic. Best practices are outlined to improve the working, living, and community conditions of artisanal miners. The mining sector is an important source of revenue for the Central African Republic, and the mineral wealth of the country presents good potential in alluvial diamonds, gold and uranium. The mining sector provides significant employment opportunities through the artisanal and small-scale subsector, and could become a significant source of community development and economic growth. The Government's ability to manage the mining sector is limited, but this report provides information to enable the Government to improve its management and competitiveness.