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The Cost of Environmental Degradation : Case Studies from the Middle East and North Africa

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AIR POLLUTION AIR QUALITY AQUACULTURE AQUIFER AQUIFERS BARRAGES CANCER CARBON CARBON DIOXIDE CHILD MORTALITY CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM CLEAN WATER CLIMATE CHANGE COASTAL AREAS COASTAL WATER COASTAL ZONES CONSERVATION CONTINGENT VALUATION CONTINGENT VALUATION METHOD COST OF WATER COST-BENEFIT ANALYSES COVERING CRITICAL APPRAISAL CROP PRODUCTION CUBIC METER CUBIC METERS DAMS DEBRIS DEFORESTATION DESALINATION DISCHARGE DRAINAGE DRINKING WATER DRINKING WATER SUPPLY ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC ANALYSIS ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC VALUE ECOSYSTEM EMISSION STANDARDS EMISSIONS ENERGY EFFICIENCY ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGES ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTAL RISK EXPENDITURES EXPLOITATION FISH FISHERIES FISHING FLOODS FORAGE PRODUCTION FORESTRY FRESHWATER FUEL CONSUMPTION GAS GRAVITY GROUNDWATER GROUNDWATER RESOURCES GROUNDWATER TABLE HEALTH PROBLEMS HYDROGEN IMPORTS INDUSTRIAL SECTOR INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT INVESTMENT PROJECT IRRIGATION LAND DEGRADATION LAND RESOURCES MANGROVE MARINE SCIENCES MARINE WATERS MORTALITY RATE NATIONAL INCOME NATURAL RESOURCES NITROGEN NITROGEN OXIDES NON-USE VALUES OIL OPPORTUNITY COSTS OVERGRAZING PHOSPHATE POLICY MAKERS POOR WATER QUALITY POPULATION GROWTH POWER GENERATION POWER STATION PRESENT VALUE PRIVATE WELLS PROGRAMS PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC WELLS PUMPING QUALITY STANDARDS QUANTITY OF WATER RANGELANDS RECHARGE REPLACEMENT COSTS RESERVOIR SEDIMENTATION RESOURCE USE RIVERS SALINITY SALTWATER INTRUSION SANITATION SANITATION FACILITIES SANITATION SERVICES SCIENCES SEA SEAWATER SHORELINE SOCIAL COSTS SOIL DEGRADATION SOLID WASTE SOURCES OF WATER STORAGE CAPACITY SUD SURFACE WATER SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE USE TIMBER TURBIDITY URBAN AREAS USE VALUE WASTE COLLECTION WASTE DISPOSAL WASTEWATER WASTEWATER TREATMENT WATER DEMAND WATER EXPLOITATION WATER EXTRACTION WATER POLLUTION WATER QUALITY WATER QUANTITY WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT WATER SAVINGS WATER SCARCITY WATER SECTOR WATER SOURCE WATER SUPPLIES WATER SUPPLY WATER TRANSFER WATER USE WATER USER WATERSHED WELLS WETLANDS WILLINGNESS TO PAY WTP
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World Bank
Middle East and North Africa | Lebanon | Jordan | Morocco | Iran, Islamic Republic of | Tunisia
Croitoru, Lelia | Sarraf, Maria | Ghariani, Fadhel | Matoussi, Mohamed Salah | Daly-Hassen, Hamed | Jabarin, Amer | Jorio, Abdeljaouad | El Fadel, Mutasem | El-Jisr, Karim | Ikäheimo, Erkki | Gundlach, Erich | Al-Duaij, Samia | Cervigni, Raffaello
2012-03-19T09:35:00Z | 2012-03-19T09:35:00Z | 2010-08-01

Environmental degradation is costly, to individuals, to societies, and to the environment. This book, edited by Lelia Croitoru and Maria Sarraf, makes these costs clear by examining a number of studies carried out over the past few years by the World Bank's Middle East and North Africa region. Even more important than estimating the monetary cost of environmental degradation (COED), however, are the clear guidance and policy implications derived from these findings. This volume presents a new approach to estimating the impacts of environmental degradation. In the past, when government officials asked researchers the simple question how large are the impacts of environmental degradation? The response was often an emphatic 'large!' a rather imprecise number. The strength of this work is that it actually quantifies in economic terms how large is 'large' and thereby gains the attention of decision makers and offers specific insights for improved policy making. Finally, this book demonstrates the benefits of doing a coordinated, regional COED analysis that builds on the country-level studies. This two-tiered approach produces important synergies, in terms of both the methodologies used and the lessons learned.

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