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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study

Africa - Ebbing Water, Surging Deficits : Urban Water Supply in Sub-Saharan Africa

ACCESS TO SAFE DRINKING WATER ACCESS TO SAFE WATER ACCESS TO WATER BOREHOLES BULK SUPPLIERS BULK WATER CENTRAL GOVERNMENT COLLECTION EFFICIENCY CONCESSION CONTRACTS CONNECTION CONNECTION FEES CONSUMER REPRESENTATION COST RECOVERY COVERING CUBIC METER DECISION MAKING DEMAND MANAGEMENT DISTILLATION DISTRIBUTION NETWORK DISTRIBUTION OF WATER DRINKING WATER DUG WELLS EFFECTIVE WATER GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNANCE ARRANGEMENTS HAND PUMPS HIGHER COLLECTION HOUSEHOLD CONNECTIONS HOUSEHOLDS INSUFFICIENT WATER INVESTMENT CLIMATE INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS IRRIGATION LAKES LARGE UTILITIES LARGE UTILITY LITERS PER CAPITA PER DAY LOCAL CAPACITY METERING MONITORING PROGRAM NATIONAL WATER NONREVENUE WATER NUMBER OF PEOPLE WITHOUT ACCESS OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE OPERATORS PERFORMANCE CONTRACT PERFORMANCE DATA PERFORMANCE INDICATORS PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PIPED WATER PONDS POPULATION GROWTH PRESSURE PRIVATE OPERATOR PRIVATE PARTICIPATION PUBLIC STANDPOSTS PUBLIC TAP PUBLIC UTILITIES QUALITY OF SERVICE QUALITY OF WATER QUALITY STANDARDS RAINWATER REGULATORY AGENCIES REGULATORY AGENCY REGULATORY BODIES REGULATORY CAPACITY REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT REGULATORY FRAMEWORK REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS REGULATORY FUNCTION REGULATORY STRUCTURES RESIDENTIAL CONNECTIONS RURAL WATER RURAL WATER SUPPLY SANITATION ACCESS SANITATION AUTHORITY SANITATION INFRASTRUCTURE SANITATION PROGRAM SANITATION SECTOR SCARCE WATER SCARCE WATER RESOURCES SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE PROVIDER SERVICE PROVIDERS SERVICE PROVISION SERVICE STANDARDS SEWERAGE SEWERAGE AUTHORITY SEWERAGE COMPANY SLUM POPULATION SMALL-SCALE SERVICE PROVIDERS SPRINGS SURFACE WATER TARIFF ADJUSTMENT TARIFF ADJUSTMENTS TARIFF SETTING TECHNICAL STANDARDS TOWN URBAN AREAS URBAN ENVIRONMENT URBAN HOUSEHOLDS URBAN RESIDENTS URBAN SANITATION URBAN SLUM URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SECTOR URBAN WATER SERVICES URBAN WATER SUPPLY URBANIZATION USERS UTILITY EFFICIENCY UTILITY STAFF UTILITY STRUCTURE WASTEWATER WASTEWATER SERVICES WATER BOARD WATER COLLECTION WATER COMPANY WATER CONNECTION WATER CONNECTIONS WATER CONSUMPTION WATER COVERAGE WATER DISTRIBUTION WATER LAW WATER MARKET WATER POLICY WATER PRICING WATER PRODUCTION WATER PROVIDERS WATER QUALITY WATER RATES WATER REGULATION WATER RESOURCES WATER SECTOR WATER SECTOR REFORM WATER SERVICE WATER SERVICE DELIVERY WATER SERVICE PROVIDERS WATER SERVICE PROVISION WATER SERVICES WATER SHORTAGES WATER SOURCE WATER SOURCES WATER STANDPOSTS WATER SYSTEMS WATER TARIFFS WATER UTILITIES WATER UTILITY WATER VENDORS WELLS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa
2012-06-12T17:59:59Z | 2012-06-12T17:59:59Z | 2008-06

With only 56 percent of the population enjoying access to safe water, Sub-Saharan Africa lags behind other regions in terms of access to improved water sources. Based on present trends, it appears that the region is unlikely to meet the target of 75 percent access to improved water by 2015, as specified in the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). The welfare implications of safe water cannot be overstated. The estimated health and time-saving benefits of meeting the MDG goal are about 11 times as high as the associated costs. Monitoring the progress of infrastructure sectors such as water supply has been a significant by-product of the MDG, and serious attention and funding have been devoted in recent years to developing systems for monitoring and evaluating in developing countries. Piped water reaches more urban Africans than any other form of water supply-but not as large a share as it did in the early 1990s. The most recent available data for 32 countries suggests that some 39 percent of the urban population of Sub-Saharan Africa is connected to a piped network, compared with 50 percent in the early 1990s. Analysis suggests that the majority of those who lack access to utility water live too far away from the distribution network, although some fail to connect even when they live close by. Water-sector institutions follow no consistent pattern in Sub-Saharan Africa. Where service is centralized, a significant minority has chosen to combine power and water services into a single national multi-utility urban water sector reforms were carried out in the 1990s, with the aim of creating commercially oriented utilities and bringing the sector under formal regulation. One goal of the reforms was to attract private participation in the sector.

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