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Skills Development in the Informal Sector of Sub-Saharan Africa

ADULT EDUCATION ADULTS AGE GROUP APPRENTICES APPRENTICESHIP APPRENTICESHIPS APPROPRIATE TRAINING APPROPRIATE TRAINING PROGRAMS BASIC EDUCATION CHURCHES CLASSROOM CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION CLASSROOMS CONVENTIONAL TRAINING COST OF TRAINING CURRICULA CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT DISADVANTAGED YOUTH DOMESTIC WORKERS EARLY EDUCATION EDUCATION CURRICULUM EDUCATION FOR ALL EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS EDUCATIONAL PLANNING EMPLOYABILITY EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT GENERATION EMPLOYMENT PAPER EMPLOYMENT SIZE EMPLOYMENT USES ENTERPRISE TRAINING ENTREPRENEURSHIP GENERAL EDUCATION GENERAL SECONDARY EDUCATION HEALTH CARE HIGH DEADWEIGHT HIGHER LEVELS OF EDUCATION HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCES INFORMAL ECONOMY INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT INFORMAL SECTOR INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS INSERVICE TRAINING INSTRUCTORS INTERVENTIONS JOB CREATION JOBS LABOR FORCE LABOR OFFICE LABOUR LEARNING LEARNING ENVIRONMENT LED LEVEL OF EDUCATION LITERACY LITERACY PROGRAMS LITERACY TRAINING LITERATE POPULATION LOWER SECONDARY EDUCATION NATIONAL UNIVERSITY NEW ENTRANTS NONFORMAL EDUCATION NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS OCCUPATIONS OLDER WORKERS PAID WORKERS PAYROLL TAXES PRACTICAL TRAINING PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY SOURCE PRIVATE ENTERPRISES PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS PRIVATE PROVIDERS PRIVATE SCHOOLS PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE TRAINING PRIVATE TRAINING INSTITUTIONS PRODUCING GOODS PRODUCTION UNITS PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS PUBLIC SECTOR INSTITUTIONS QUALITY ASSURANCE RURAL AREAS SAFETY NET SCHOOL CERTIFICATE SCHOOLING SCHOOLS SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOL SELF EMPLOYED SELF EMPLOYMENT SERVICE SECTOR SKILL REQUIREMENTS SKILLED WORKERS SKILLED WORKFORCE SKILLS ACQUISITION SKILLS DEVELOPMENT SKILLS TRAINING SMALL BUSINESS SMALL BUSINESS INCUBATORS SMALL BUSINESSES SPECIAL NEEDS TARGET POPULATIONS TECHNICAL EDUCATION TERTIARY EDUCATION TOTAL EMPLOYMENT TRAINEES TRAINERS TRAINING ACTIVITIES TRAINING AUTHORITIES TRAINING COSTS TRAINING COURSES TRAINING DELIVERY TRAINING FUNDS TRAINING INSTITUTIONS TRAINING METHODS TRAINING NEEDS TRAINING NEEDS ASSESSMENTS TRAINING POLICIES TRAINING POLICY TRAINING PROGRAM TRAINING PROGRAMS TRAINING REFORM TRAINING SERVICES TRAINING SYSTEM TUITION UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS VOCATIONAL TRAINING WAGE EMPLOYMENT WAGE SECTOR WORKER WORKING CONDITION WORKING POOR YOUNG WORKERS YOUTH
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa
2017-09-06T19:53:53Z | 2017-09-06T19:53:53Z | 2008-08-08

Since first recognized in the early 1970s, the informal sector of Sub?Saharan Africa has become a growing source of employment for large numbers of youths, but also older workers pursuing entrepreneurial goals and others adjusting to structural changes in the region's employment. Initially viewed as a safety net for those unable to find employment in the modern sector, the image of the informal sector has begun to change with time and the education of those entering it. More workers have begun to view it, not as a temporary stop while searching for employment in the formal wage economy, but as a preferred destination offering opportunities to those wanting to become entrepreneurs. The chapter examines recent research covering measurement of employment in the informal sector, impediments to investing in skills within the sector, and policies and programs to expand this investment. It extends earlier work on this topic done under auspices of the World Bank. The purpose is to examine what is currently known about these issues, identify gaps in knowledge, and offer a strategy for expanding skills development in the informal sector. Recent research, for example, like that mentioned above in Ghana showing the changing character of employment in the informal sector and the prospect of growing returns to skills casts a new light on employment in this sector and merits further inquiry into the robustness of these findings in other countries to deepen our understanding of how skills influence the welfare of those who create their own employment in the informal sector and how the investment in skills can be expanded.

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