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Working Paper

Maximizing the World Bank Group’s Impact in the Middle East and North Africa

TARIFFS EMPLOYMENT SOCIAL COSTS RECLAMATION UNEMPLOYMENT RATES GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES ECONOMIC GROWTH ACCOUNTING CARBON DIOXIDE ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION FOSSIL FUELS AIR QUALITY WASTE MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT REDUCING EMISSIONS PRINCIPAL FISCAL DEFICITS CARBON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION EXPECTATIONS LAND RECLAMATION RESOURCE MANAGEMENT BALANCE OF PAYMENTS LOCAL GOVERNMENTS STRATEGIES FINANCIAL RESOURCES PRICE SETTING LABOR FORCE SERVICES EMISSIONS PUBLIC SERVICES POLITICAL ECONOMY HOUSING REVENUES SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT INCENTIVES CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS EQUILIBRIUM MODELS PROJECTS ECONOMIC STABILITY PROVEN OIL RESERVES SAFETY NETS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY FINANCIAL TRANSFERS MACROECONOMIC STABILITY ECONOMIC DYNAMICS OIL PRICES EXPLOITATION ARABLE LAND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE WATER PRICING OIL AIR POLLUTION CROWDING OUT TRANSPORT OPTIONS TRANSFERS OPEC SUSTAINABLE WATER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS DEBT MARKETS ALLOCATIVE EFFICIENCY DEFICITS POLLUTION LAND RESOURCES ECONOMIC POLICIES AQUIFERS LABOR DIVIDENDS ENTERPRISES NATURAL RESOURCES SUBSIDIES FINANCE EFFICIENCY GRANTS GREENHOUSE GASES INFRASTRUCTURE ACCESS TO INFORMATION ISLAMIC DEVELOPMENT BANK RESOURCES DEVOLUTION UNEMPLOYMENT DEREGULATION ENERGY CONSUMPTION EQUITY CONSUMPTION SOCIAL SAFETY NETS ECONOMIC IMPACT RURAL COMMUNITIES ACCOUNTABILITY CLIMATE CHANGE ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ELECTRICITY DEMAND POLICY MAKERS BANK CREDIT MACROECONOMICS DEMAND ABATEMENT MDB NATIONAL INCOME SUSTAINABLE GROWTH ELECTRICITY GENERATION ENVIRONMENTS EXPENDITURES DECISION MAKING POLLUTION ABATEMENT ECONOMIC RENTS ENVIRONMENT EIB ECONOMICS ECONOMIC MODELS PUBLIC DEBT ENERGY EFFICIENCY GOVERNANCE FISHERIES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT TRADE LAND DRINKING WATER RISK SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS OIL RESERVES WATER POLLUTION DECENTRALIZATION REVENUE PRIVATE CONSUMPTION HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RISK MANAGEMENT LENDING WILLINGNESS TO ACCEPT ECONOMISTS PASTURES ENTREPRENEURSHIP ENVIRONMENTAL LABOR MARKETS GOVERNMENTS PUBLIC GOOD PRICES DEMOGRAPHICS OIL SECTOR CONSUMER PROTECTION ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIES PUBLIC GOODS COMPETITION ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Middle East | North Africa
2015-06-25T19:35:45Z | 2015-06-25T19:35:45Z | 2015-04

This report provides an overview of the World Bank Group’s engagement in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, highlighting the new operating model of the World Bank Group. In particular, the report provides insight on the key challenges and strategic engagement of each sector (Global Practice) in MENA and details some of the key cross-cutting challenges that countries face. This report serves as a basis to convene international thought leaders, as well as internal and external stakeholders, in the context of developing a new strategy for the Middle East and North Africa region later this year. The region faces three challenges in particular: (a) long-standing distortions that have generated jobless growth and poor service delivery as well as low financial access and inclusion; (b) severe imbalances that threaten macroeconomic stability; and (c) deep political and social tensions, at times escalating into violent conflict. The World Bank Group’s current engagement supports four key pillars: (a) strengthening governance; (b) ensuring economic and social inclusion; (c) creating jobs; and (d) accelerating sustainable growth. Progress on these pillars can be made through a two-pronged approach focused on addressing the immediate needs arising from humanitarian crises throughout the region while also giving sustained attention to the investments and reforms needed for medium- and long-term development. This two-pronged approach is necessary to help governments cope with immediate pressures on already fragile institutions and at the same time develop long-term strategies to address deep-seated issues that have hindered inclusive growth and prosperity for decades. This report details nine specific cross-cutting challenges: climate change; decentralization; disaster risk management; fragility, conflict and violence; fuel subsidies and social safety nets; gender; governance and service delivery in health and education; private sector development and job creation; and public-private partnerships. Looking ahead, responding to the changing realities on the ground, the World Bank Group is rethinking its regional strategy in order to maximize its impact in the Middle East and North Africa. This new strategy, which is currently under preparation, will aim to step up the Bank Group’s engagement in the region in order to achieve shared growth and prosperity, as well as work with partners to convene change in the region.

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