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Building Integrated Markets within the East African Community : EAC Opportunities in Public-Private Partnership Approaches to the Region's Infrastructure Needs

ACCOUNTABILITY ACCOUNTING ACCOUNTING TREATMENT ASSET-BACKED SECURITIES BAD DEBTS BANKING SECTOR BARRIERS TO ENTRY BENCHMARK BONDS BENEFICIARIES BID BIDS BOND BOND ISSUANCE BOND MARKET BOND MARKETS BORDER INFRASTRUCTURE BRIDGE BROKERS BUSINESS PLAN CAPACITY BUILDING CAPITAL EXPENDITURES CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITAL MARKET CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT CAPITAL MARKETS CAPITAL STOCK CASH FLOWS CC COLLABORATION COMMERCIAL BANKS COMMERCIAL TERMS COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CONSUMER PRICE INDEX CONTINGENT LIABILITIES CONTRACTORS CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS CORPORATE BOND CORPORATE BOND ISSUANCE CORPORATE BOND ISSUES CORPORATE BOND MARKETS CORPORATE BONDS COST ESTIMATE COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS CREDIT ENHANCEMENT CREDIT RATING DATED SECURITIES DEBT DEBT FINANCING DEBT MANAGEMENT DEBT MARKET DEBT RATIOS DEBT SOURCES DEBTS DECISION MAKERS DECISION MAKING DEPOSIT DEVELOPMENT BANK DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION DEVELOPMENT FINANCE DEVELOPMENT FINANCE COMPANY DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTION DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS DEVELOPMENT OF BOND MARKETS DRIVERS EAST AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK ECONOMIES OF SCALE EIB ENABLING ENVIRONMENT EQUITIES EXPENDITURES FACE VALUE FINANCIAL INSTITUTION FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE FINANCIAL SUPPORT FINANCING FACILITY FINANCING SOURCES FISCAL DEFICIT FLOATING RATE FOREIGN CURRENCY FOREIGN CURRENCY LOANS FOREIGN INVESTORS FREIGHT FREIGHT TRAFFIC GLOBAL ECONOMY GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP GOVERNMENT SUPPORT GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROSS REVENUE GUARANTEE AGENCY HOLDING HOLDINGS HUMAN RESOURCES INCOME TAX INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT INSTRUMENT INSURANCE INTEREST RATE INTEREST RATE VOLATILITY INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL MARKETS INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL FINANCE INVESTING INVESTMENT BANK INVESTMENT CORPORATION INVESTMENT DECISIONS INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES INVESTMENT PLANS INVESTMENT POLICY INVESTMENT PROJECTS INVESTMENT REGIME INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS ISSUANCE OF BONDS ISSUANCES LAWS LEARNING LEGAL FRAMEWORK LEGAL FRAMEWORKS LEGISLATION LENDER LIQUIDITY LOAN LOAN PORTFOLIO LOCAL CURRENCY LONG-TERM DEBT MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT MANDATES MARKET ENTRY MARKET FAILURE MARKET SIZE MDAS MICROFINANCE MINISTRIES OF FINANCE MONETARY AUTHORITIES NATIONAL INVESTMENT NATURAL RESOURCES NONPERFORMING LOANS NPL OPTIMAL INVESTMENT OUTSTANDING DOMESTIC DEBT PARTIAL RISK PASSENGER SERVICES PEER REVIEW POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL RISK POLITICAL WILL POOR REPUTATION PORT FACILITIES PORTFOLIO PORTFOLIOS POTENTIAL INVESTORS PPPS PRIMARY MARKET PRIVATE BANKING PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE PARTY PRIVATIZATION PROGRAMS PUBLIC ASSET PUBLIC ASSETS PUBLIC ENTERPRISES PUBLIC FUND PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP RAILROAD RAILWAY RAILWAY SYSTEM RAILWAYS RATING AGENCIES REALISM REGULATORY AUTHORITIES REGULATORY AUTHORITY REGULATORY FRAMEWORK RESETTLEMENT RISK MITIGATION ROAD BUILDING ROUTE SAFETY SALES AGREEMENT SANITATION SECONDARY BOND MARKETS SECONDARY MARKETS SECURITIES SECURITIES EXCHANGE SECURITIES MARKETS SHAREHOLDER SOCIAL SERVICES STATE GUARANTEES STOCKS SWAPS TAX RATE TAX REVENUE TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELECOMS TELECOMS SECTOR TOLL TOLL ROAD TOLL ROADS TRADING TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRANSACTION TRANSIT TRANSPARENCY TRANSPORT TRANSPORT FACILITATION TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS TRANSPORTATION TREASURY TREASURY BOND TREATY TURNOVER UNION VEHICLE VEHICLES YIELD CURVES
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Washington, DC
Africa
2014-06-09T19:25:06Z | 2014-06-09T19:25:06Z | 2014-06-01

There are significant economic gains to be realized if the East Africa sub region improves the overall integration of its markets. But infrastructure development that links markets across countries faces particular challenges, political, institutional, and economic. In the case of East Africa, these challenges have served to hold back investment into regional infrastructure, despite significant recent efforts within the region to develop regional infrastructure investment plans and promote an increased use of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) approaches to mobilize private sector financing and expertise. The report also recommends funding options for regional PPPs. The two main products identified are a Viability Gap Facility (VGF), which would bridge the gap between the commercial viability of a regional PPP and its economic viability; and a Project Development Facility (PDF), which could support the preparation costs of regional PPPs. The VGF could potentially be linked to the EAC Development Fund. Partner States need to be aware when designing these products that they may compete for funds with domestic financing needs. The report also considers the desirability of a regional long-term debt facility, and while there is widespread recognition of the need for longer-term local currency financing, the challenges involved in implementing such a facility are such that this will need to be revisited at a future date.

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