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Fertilizer Use in African Agriculture : Lessons Learned and Good Practice Guidelines

AGRIBUSINESS AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AGRICULTURAL INVESTMENT AGRICULTURAL MANAGEMENT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY BARRIERS TO ENTRY CAPACITY BUILDING CD CEREAL YIELDS CEREALS CHEMICAL FERTILIZER CIMMYT CONSUMERS COOPERATIVES CROP CROP INSURANCE CROP MANAGEMENT CROP MANAGEMENT PRACTICES CROP PRICES CROP PRODUCTION CROP PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES CROP YIELDS CROPPING CROPPING SEASONS CROPS CULTIVATED LAND CULTIVATION DEBT DECISION MAKING DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES DEVELOPMENT AGENCY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ECONOMIES OF SCALE FALLOWING FAO FARM FARMER FARMERS FARMING FERTILIZER FERTILIZER CONSUMPTION FERTILIZER DEVELOPMENT FERTILIZER DISTRIBUTION FERTILIZER DISTRIBUTORS FERTILIZER IMPORTS FERTILIZER MARKET FERTILIZER PRICES FERTILIZER PRODUCTION FERTILIZER PRODUCTS FERTILIZER SUBSIDIES FERTILIZER SUBSIDY FERTILIZER USE FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD SECURITY GDP GDP PER CAPITA GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES GRAIN GRAIN STORAGE GREEN REVOLUTION GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH IN AGRICULTURE IFPRI INCOME GROUPS INNOVATION INORGANIC FERTILIZERS INTERNATIONAL FERTILIZER DEVELOPMENT CENTER INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE INTERNATIONAL MAIZE AND WHEAT IMPROVEMENT CENTER LAND DEGRADATION LOWERING TRADE BARRIERS MACROECONOMIC POLICIES MAIZE MARKET DEVELOPMENT MARKET DISTORTIONS MARKET FAILURE MARKET INFORMATION MARKET POWER MARKET PRICES MARKETING NATURAL RESOURCES NITROGEN PHOSPHATE POOR FARMERS POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR RURAL HOUSEHOLDS PRICE CONTROLS PRICE INCENTIVES PRICE SUBSIDIES PRODUCER ORGANIZATIONS PRODUCER PRICES PRODUCT QUALITY PRODUCTION SYSTEMS PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH PUBLIC ASSISTANCE PURCHASING PURCHASING POWER RENT SEEKING RETAIL RICE SEED SOIL CONSERVATION SOIL FERTILITY SOILS STARTER PACKS SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA SUPPLIERS SUPPLY CHAIN TRADE POLICIES TRIPLE SUPER PHOSPHATE TROPICAL AGRICULTURE UNEP UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME WATER CONSERVATION WEALTH WHEAT
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Washington, DC: World Bank
Africa
2012-05-30T15:47:12Z | 2012-05-30T15:47:12Z | 2007

In every region of the world, the intensification of crop-based agriculture has been associated with a sharp increase in the use of chemical fertilizer. Given the generally low levels of fertilizer use in Africa, there can be little doubt that fertilizer use must increase in Africa if the region is to meet its agricultural growth targets, poverty reduction goals, and environmental sustainability objectives. For this reason, policies and programs are needed to encourage fertilizer use in ways that are technically efficient, economically rational, and market-friendly. Including this introduction, this report contains eight chapters. Chapter 2 sets the stage by discussing agriculture's role in the overall economic development process and explaining why agricultural development often leads to patterns of growth that are strongly pro-poor. Chapter 3 briefly recounts the history of fertilizer promotion efforts in Africa. Chapter 4 outlines the reasons for low fertilizer use in Africa. Chapter 5 examines factors that influence fertilizer demand and identifies entry points at which public interventions can strengthen effective demand at the farm level. Chapter 6 examines the factors that determine the supply of fertilizer and identifies entry points for public interventions to improve fertilizer supply. Chapter 7 identifies potential entry points at which public investments may be effective for fostering desirable change in a country's fertilizer sector. Chapter 8 summarizes the main points made in the report and concludes the discussion.

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