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The Labor Market for Health Workers in Africa : New Look at the Crisis

ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE SERVICES ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES ANTENATAL CARE BASIC HEALTH BASIC HEALTH CARE BIRTH ATTENDANT BIRTH ATTENDANTS BREAST CANCER BULLETIN BURDEN OF DISEASE CENTER FOR HEALTH CITIES CLINICS COHORT STUDIES COMMUNITY HEALTH COST ANALYSIS COST STRUCTURE CROWDING DANGERS DEMAND FOR HEALTH DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DIPHTHERIA DISEASES DOCTORS EARLY YEARS ECONOMIC GROWTH EFFECTIVE POLICIES EPIDEMIC FAMILIES FAMILY HEALTH FAMILY MEMBERS FAMILY PLANNING FINANCIAL BARRIERS FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS FINANCIAL INCENTIVES FISCAL POLICY GLOBAL HEALTH GLOBAL POPULATION HEALTH AFFAIRS HEALTH BUDGETS HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE ACCESS HEALTH CARE MARKETS HEALTH CARE NEEDS HEALTH CARE POLICY HEALTH CARE SERVICE UTILIZATION HEALTH CARE SERVICES HEALTH CARE SYSTEM HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS HEALTH CARE USE HEALTH CARE WORKERS HEALTH CENTERS HEALTH COVERAGE HEALTH ECONOMICS HEALTH EXPENDITURE HEALTH EXPENDITURES HEALTH EXPENDITURES PER CAPITA HEALTH EXTENSION HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH INSURANCE HEALTH MANPOWER HEALTH ORGANIZATION HEALTH OUTCOMES HEALTH PROFESSIONALS HEALTH SECTOR HEALTH SECTOR WORKERS HEALTH SERVICE HEALTH SERVICE DELIVERY HEALTH SERVICES HEALTH SPECIALIST HEALTH SPENDING HEALTH STATUS HEALTH SYSTEM HEALTH SYSTEMS HEALTH TRAINING HEALTH WORKERS HEALTH WORKFORCE HIV HIV TESTING HIV/AIDS HOSPITAL HOSPITAL CARE HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT HUMAN RESOURCES HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT ILLNESSES IMPACT EVALUATIONS IMPACT ON HEALTH INCOME INCOME COUNTRIES INDEXES INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERISTICS INFANT INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY INTERVENTION KNOWLEDGE BASE LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKETS LEGAL STATUS LIVING CONDITIONS LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES MALARIA MALARIA PREVENTION MAMMOGRAPHY MATERNAL MORTALITY MEASLES MEDICAL DOCTORS MEDICAL EDUCATION MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MEDICAL FACILITIES MEDICAL OFFICERS MEDICAL SCHOOL MEDICAL SCHOOLS MEDICAL TRAINING MEDICINE MIDWIFE MIDWIVES MIGRANT MIGRATION MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINISTRIES OF HEALTH MINISTRY OF HEALTH MORTALITY NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS NATIONAL HEALTH NATIONAL LEVEL NEEDS ASSESSMENT NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS NUMBER OF PERSONS NUMBER OF WORKERS NURSE NURSES NURSING NUTRITION OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE OUTPATIENT SERVICES PAP SMEAR PATIENTS PERTUSSIS PHARMACEUTICALS PHYSICIAN PHYSICIAN EDUCATION PHYSICIANS POLICY MAKERS POOR HEALTH POPULATION DISTRIBUTION POPULATION ESTIMATES POPULATION GROUPS PRACTITIONERS PREGNANCY PREGNANT WOMEN PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTORS PROBABILITY PROGRESS PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC HEALTH CARE PUBLIC POLICIES PUBLIC POLICY PUBLIC SECTOR PURCHASING POWER QUALITY OF SERVICES QUALITY SERVICES REMITTANCE RESEARCH CENTERS RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS RICHER COUNTRIES RURAL AREAS SCREENING SKILLED ATTENDANCE SKILLED BIRTH ATTENDANTS SMEAR TEST SUPPLY OF DOCTORS SUPPLY OF HEALTH CARE SURGERY TERTIARY EDUCATION TETANUS TRAINING HEALTH WORKERS TREATMENT TUBERCULOSIS UNEMPLOYMENT UNIVERSAL ACCESS URBAN AREAS URBANIZATION VACCINATION VACCINATIONS VACCINES WHOOPING COUGH WOMAN WORKERS WORKPLACE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
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Washington, DC: World Bank
Africa
Soucat, Agnes | Scheffler, Richard | Ghebreyesus, Tedros Adhanom
2013-06-10T19:06:57Z | 2013-06-10T19:06:57Z | 2013-04-17

Health systems in Sub-Saharan Africa have changed profoundly over the last 20 years. The economic crisis of the 1980s and 1990s rattled public health care systems, which were largely holdovers from the colonial and postcolonial eras. The later wave of structural adjustments and public sector reforms wrought further change. As African economies opened to market based approaches, the private sector became a sizable source of health care service. Today about half the health expenditures in Africa are private, and private providers play a major role in the delivery of outpatient services. This is draws on the lessons, knowledge, and data gathered by the World Bank's Africa Region Human Resources for Health Program. For the first time, the various complexities of Human Resources for Health (HRH) labor markets are addressed comprehensively in one volume. Given the increasing demand in countries for strong health workforces that can help achieve universal health coverage; we hope this book will be beneficial to researchers, policy makers, and practitioners who are trying to develop evidence-based HRH interventions to achieve this end.

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