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East Africa's Infrastructure : A Regional Perspective

ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS AGGLOMERATION AIR AIR CARGO AIR CARGO TRAFFIC AIR CARRIER AIR FLEET AIR FREIGHT AIR SAFETY AIR SERVICE AIR SERVICES AIR TRAFFIC AIR TRANSPORT AIR TRANSPORT MARKET AIR TRAVEL AIRCRAFT AIRLINE AIRLINES AIRPORT AIRPORTS AIRWAYS ARTERIES AVIATION POLICY BERTH BERTHS BORDER CROSSINGS BOTTLENECKS BULK CARGO CABLE CABOTAGE CAPITAL COSTS CARBON EMISSIONS CARGO CAPACITY CARGO CARRIERS CARGO HANDLING CARGO HANDLING CHARGE CARGO SERVICES CARGO SPACE CARGO TRAFFIC CARRIAGE CARRIERS CIVIL AVIATION COMMODITIES COMPETITIVE TRUCKING INDUSTRY CONCESSION CONCESSION ARRANGEMENTS CONGESTION CONSTRUCTION CONTAINER CARGO CONTAINER HANDLING CONTAINER SHIPS CONTAINER TRAFFIC CONTAINER VESSELS CONTAINERS CONTAINERS PER HOUR CORRIDOR COST OF POWER COST OF TRANSPORT COST RECOVERY COST RECOVERY RATIO COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS COSTS OF POWER CROSSING CUSTOMS CUSTOMS CLEARANCE DEMAND FOR POWER DEMURRAGE DEREGULATION DIRECT FLIGHTS ECONOMIC CRISIS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURE ECONOMIC INTEGRATION ECONOMIES OF SCALE EDGE ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION EMISSIONS ENERGY COSTS EXCLUSIVE RIGHTS EXPORT FIXED COSTS FLEET MODERNIZATION FLIGHT FOREIGN AIRLINES FOREIGN INVESTMENT FOREIGN INVESTORS FORWARDING FREIGHT FREIGHT FLEET FREIGHT FORWARDERS FREIGHT MOVEMENT FREIGHT MOVEMENTS FREIGHT RATES FREIGHT SERVICES FREIGHT TARIFFS FREIGHT TRAFFIC FREIGHTERS FUEL FUEL SURCHARGE GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS GROWTH FORECASTS GROWTH IN TRAFFIC GROWTH RATES HANDLING HEAVY TRAFFIC HEAVY TRUCKS HIGH TRANSPORT HIGHWAY HUB IMPLEMENTATION OF ROAD MAINTENANCE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INFRASTRUCTURES INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS INTERNATIONAL TRADE INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL JOINT VENTURES LAND TRANSPORT LANDLOCKED COUNTRIES LANDLOCKED COUNTRY LOCOMOTIVE MARGINAL COSTS MARKET CONDITIONS MILEAGE MODE OF TRANSPORT NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE NATIONAL RAILWAY OPEN ACCESS PASSENGER PASSENGER AIRCRAFT PASSENGER TRAFFIC PETROLEUM PRODUCTS POLICE PORT ACCESS PORT CONGESTION PORT INFRASTRUCTURE PORT OF ENTRY POWER POWER NETWORK RADAR RAIL RAIL CORRIDORS RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE RAIL LINES RAIL NETWORKS RAIL SERVICES RAIL SYSTEMS RAIL TRAFFIC RAIL TRANSPORT RAILWAY RAILWAY LINE RAILWAY LINES RAILWAY NETWORK RAILWAY NETWORKS RAILWAY SYSTEM RAILWAYS RANGE REGIONAL AIR TRANSPORT REGIONAL AIRPORTS REGIONAL HUB REGIONAL HUBS REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE REGIONAL NETWORK REGIONAL RAIL NETWORK REGIONAL SAFETY OVERSIGHT RIM RIVER ROAD ROAD CORRIDORS ROAD FREIGHT SERVICES ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE ROAD LINKS ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD QUALITY ROAD TRANSPORT ROADS ROLLING STOCK ROUTE ROUTES RUNWAYS SAFETY SAFETY OVERSIGHT SAFETY STANDARDS SANITATION SHIPMENTS SHIPPING SHIPPING LINES SQUARE SURFACE TRANSPORT TERMINAL TERMINALS TOLL TOLL ROAD TOLL ROAD CONCESSIONS TRADE LOGISTICS TRAFFIC TRAFFIC DENSITY TRAFFIC FLOWS TRAFFIC PATTERNS TRAFFIC SURVEILLANCE TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRAINS TRANSIT TRANSIT CORRIDORS TRANSIT TIMES TRANSPORT CAPACITY TRANSPORT CORRIDORS TRANSPORT COSTS TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MARKET TRANSPORT OF GOODS TRANSPORT RAILWAYS TRANSPORT RATES TRANSPORT SYSTEMS TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION RATES TRANSSHIPMENT TRAVEL TIMES TRIP TRUCK PROCESSING TRUCKING COMPANIES TRUCKS TRUE UTILITIES VEHICLES WAITING TIME WAREHOUSE WAREHOUSING WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WHOLESALE MARKETS
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Africa | East Africa
2012-03-19T18:05:30Z | 2012-03-19T18:05:30Z | 2011-10-01

Sound infrastructure is critical for growth in East Africa. During 1995-2005, improvements in infrastructure boosted growth by one percentage point per year, due largely to wider access to information and communication technologies (ICTs). Although power infrastructure sapped growth in other regions of Africa, it contributed 0.2 percentage points per year growth in East Africa. If East Africa's infrastructure could be improved to the level of the strongest performing country in Africa (Mauritius), regional growth performance would be boosted by some six percentage points, with power making the strongest contribution. East Africa's infrastructure ranks behind that of southern and western Africa across a range of indicators, though in terms of access to improved sources of water and sanitation and Internet density, it is comparable with or superior to the subcontinent s leader, southern Africa. By contrast, density of fixed-line telephones, power generation capacity, and access to electricity remain extremely low, though utility performance is improving through regional power trades. The road network is relatively good, although with some lengths of poor-quality or unpaved roads. Surface transport is challenged by border crossings, port delays, slow travel, limited railways, and trade logistics, but the region has a relatively mature and competitive trucking industry. Air transport benefits from a strong hub-and-spoke structure but has made little progress toward market liberalization. Of the seven countries in the region, four are landlocked, two have populations of fewer than 10 million people, and two have an annual gross domestic product of less than $10 billion. The difficult economic geography of East Africa makes a regional approach to infrastructure development necessary to achieve further improvement.

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