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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study

Railways in Sub-Saharan Africa

ACCESSIBILITY ACCIDENT COSTS ACCIDENT RATES ACCIDENTS AIM AIR ALTERNATIVE ROUTES ARTERIAL ROAD ARTERIAL ROUTES ARTICULATED TRUCKS AVERAGE PASSENGER BAGGAGE BORDER CROSSING BRIDGE BRIDGES BUS BUS FARES BUS SERVICES BUSES CAR CARRIAGES CEMENT COMMODITIES COMMODITY COMMUTER SERVICES CONCESSIONS CONCRETE CONGESTION CONGESTION ON ROADS CONGESTION REDUCTION CONSIGNMENT CONSTRUCTION CONTAINER TRAFFIC CONTAINERS CORRIDOR CROSSING CUSTOMS DELIVERIES DEPOTS DESIGN SPEED DIESEL DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES DISPATCH DRAINAGE EARTHWORKS ELASTICITIES FARES FATALITY FATALITY RATE FEEDER ROADS FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE FLEETS FRAMEWORK FREIGHT FREIGHT MARKET FREIGHT MARKETS FREIGHT RATES FREIGHT SERVICE FREIGHT SERVICES FREIGHT TRAFFIC FREIGHT TRANSPORT FUEL FUEL CONSUMPTION FUEL SAVINGS GENERATORS GOODS TRANSPORT GREENHOUSE GAS GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS GREENHOUSE GASES HANDLING HAULAGE HEAVY VEHICLES HIGHWAY HIGHWAY NETWORKS INCOME INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE REHABILITATION INTERCITY TRANSPORT INTERNAL RATE OF RETURN JOURNEY LANDLOCKED COUNTRIES LOAD FACTORS LOADING LOCOMOTIVE LOCOMOTIVE AVAILABILITY LONG-DISTANCE LONG-DISTANCE PASSENGER LONGER DISTANCES MEANS OF TRANSPORT MINIBUS MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT MOBILITY MODAL SHARE MODE OF TRANSPORT MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT PARCELS PASSENGER RAIL PASSENGER SERVICE PASSENGER SERVICES PASSENGER TRAFFIC PASSENGER TRAIN PASSENGER TRANSPORT PASSENGER TRAVEL PASSENGER TRIPS PASSENGERS PASSENGERS PER DAY PATRONAGE PERIODIC MAINTENANCE PETROLEUM PRODUCTS POPULATION DENSITIES PORT ACCESS PORTS PUBLIC OWNERSHIP PUBLIC RAILWAYS RAIL RAIL ACCESS RAIL CONNECTIONS RAIL CUSTOMERS RAIL FARES RAIL FREIGHT RAIL FREIGHT TARIFFS RAIL INVESTMENT RAIL LINES RAIL LINK RAIL NETWORK RAIL NETWORKS RAIL OPERATOR RAIL PASSENGER RAIL PROJECT RAIL ROUTES RAIL SECTOR RAIL SERVICES RAIL TRACK RAIL TRANSPORT RAILS RAILWAY RAILWAY COMPANIES RAILWAY CONCESSION RAILWAY DEVELOPMENT RAILWAY INFRASTRUCTURE RAILWAY NETWORK RAILWAY PERFORMANCE RAILWAY PROJECT RAILWAY SYSTEMS RAILWAYS REDUCTIONS IN TRAFFIC RIGHT-OF-WAY ROAD ROAD ACCIDENTS ROAD CONGESTION ROAD CONNECTIONS ROAD DAMAGE ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD NETWORKS ROAD SYSTEM ROAD TARIFFS ROAD TRANSPORT ROAD USER ROAD USER FEES ROAD VEHICLE EMISSIONS ROAD VEHICLES ROLLING STOCK ROUTE ROUTES ROUTINE MAINTENANCE SAFETY SLEEPERS SPEED SPEEDS SPREADING STEEL STONE STRUCTURES SUBGRADE TAMPING TAXIS TERRAIN THROUGH TRAFFIC TIMBER TIMBER SLEEPERS TONNAGE TRACK CAPACITY TRACK GEOMETRY TRAFFIC TRAFFIC DENSITY TRAFFIC GROWTH TRAFFIC LEVELS TRAFFIC UNITS TRAFFIC VOLUME TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRAINS TRANSIT TRANSIT TIMES TRANSPORT AUTHORITIES TRANSPORT CAPACITY TRANSPORT DATA TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT INVESTMENT TRANSPORT MODES TRANSPORT OPERATIONS TRANSPORT PROBLEMS TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORT SERVICE TRANSPORT SERVICES TRANSPORT SYSTEM TRANSSHIPMENT TRAVEL TIMES TRIP TRUCKS TRUE TYPES OF ROAD URBAN RAIL URBAN TRAFFIC URBAN TRAFFIC CONGESTION VEHICLE VOLUME OF TRAFFIC WAGONS WALKING WAREHOUSES WHEELS
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World Bank
Africa
2012-03-19T17:23:45Z | 2012-03-19T17:23:45Z | 2009-06-01

The changed role of rail in Africa over the last thirty years has seen it move from a situation where many of the systems were carrying a high share of their country's traffic to one in which their market share has declined, their assets have steadily deteriorated, their quality of service has reduced, and they are in many instances only a minor contributor to solving the transport problems of the continent. The first railways south of the Sahara were built in South Africa in the 1860's and 1870's, with lines heading inland from the ports at Cape Town and Durban. The networks in what were then Cape Province, Natal and Transvaal continued to develop but it was not until the turn of the twentieth century that large-scale railway development began in other parts of the continent. In almost every case, the pattern was the same, with isolated lines heading inland from a port to reach a trading centre or a mine, and a few branch lines then being built over a period of time. As almost all the lines were constructed under colonial administrations, many of the lines were state-owned but several were also constructed as concessions or, in the case of some mineral developments, by the mining company as an integral part of its mining operation. Nevertheless, the rhetoric accompanying some of the transactions suggests that many politicians believe, or want to believe, that the concession award will be the prelude to very substantial investments by the concessionaires, particularly in infrastructure. To date, this has barely materialized, with most infrastructure improvements being done with international financial institution (IFI) or donor funds. The main issue for most sub-Saharan railways is whether concessioning is just a temporary solution or whether some alternative approach is needed to ensure a long-term future for railway systems providing acceptable levels of service.

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