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Organization and Performance of Cotton Sectors in Africa : Learning from Reform Experience

ACCOUNTING ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES AGRICULTURAL LAND AGRICULTURAL MARKETING AGRICULTURAL PRICE AGRICULTURE ANNUAL PAYMENTS AQUACULTURE AVERAGE YIELDS BENCHMARK BENCHMARKING BUYERS BY-PRODUCTS CAPITA CONSUMPTION CASH CROPS CENTRAL BANK CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS COCOA COMMODITY COMMODITY PRICE COMMODITY PRICES COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS COMPETITIVE MODELS COMPETITIVENESS CONSUMER CONSUMER PRICE CONSUMER PRICE INDICES CONSUMERS CONTRACT FARMING CONTRIBUTION CONTRIBUTIONS COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER CORN COTTON COTTON GROWING COTTON MARKETING COTTON PRICE COTTON PRICES COTTON PRODUCTION COTTON SECTOR COTTON SEEDS COTTON YIELDS COTTONSEED COTTONSEED OIL COUNTRY TO COUNTRY CREDIT PROBLEM CREDIT PROVISION CROP CROP INSURANCE DECISION MAKING DECISION TREE DELIVERY OF SERVICES DEPRECIATION DEVALUATION DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY DIRECT PAYMENTS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ECONOMIC JUSTIFICATION ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT ECONOMIC SYSTEMS ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY ETHANOL EXCHANGE RATE EXCHANGE RATE FLUCTUATIONS EXCHANGE RATE MOVEMENTS EXCHANGE RATES EXPENDITURE EXPORT CROPS EXPORT MARKET EXPORT SECTORS EXPORTS EXTENSION SERVICES EXTENSION SYSTEMS EXTERNAL INPUTS FAO FARM FARM PRODUCTIVITY FARMER FARMER ASSOCIATIONS FARMER INVOLVEMENT FARMER ORGANIZATIONS FARMERS FARMS FERTILIZER FERTILIZERS FIBERS FIBRES TEXTILES FIELD WORK FINANCIAL COMMUNITY FINANCIAL CRISES FINANCIAL CRISIS FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES FINANCIAL SERVICES FISHERIES FOREIGN CURRENCY FOREIGN EXCHANGE FOREIGN EXCHANGE EARNINGS GDP GLOBAL EXPORTS GLOBAL MARKET GLOBAL OUTPUT GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH POTENTIAL INCOME INCOMES INEFFICIENCY INNOVATION INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS INTERNATIONAL MARKET INTERNATIONAL PRICES KNOWLEDGE GAPS LAND MANAGEMENT LARGE COMPANIES LEGAL SYSTEMS LIBERALIZATION LOAN LOCAL CURRENCY LONG-TERM SUSTAINABILITY LOW COSTS MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MACROECONOMICS MAIZE MARKET CONCENTRATION MARKET DEVELOPMENT MARKET DISTORTIONS MARKET PRICE MARKET SECTOR MARKET SHARE MARKET STRUCTURE MARKETING BOARD MARKETING STRATEGIES MISMANAGEMENT MONOPOLIES MONOPOLY MULTILATERAL TRADE NATIONAL CURRENCY NATIONAL ECONOMIES OUTGROWER SCHEMES OUTPUT OVERVALUATION PEST MANAGEMENT PEST PRESSURE POOR RURAL HOUSEHOLDS POVERTY ALLEVIATION PRICE ADVANTAGE PRICE CHANGES PRICE INCREASES PRICE INDEX PRICE SETTING PRICE TRENDS PRICE VOLATILITY PRICING MECHANISMS PRICING POLICIES PRIVATIZATION PRODUCE PRODUCER ORGANIZATIONS PRODUCTION COSTS PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH PUBLIC COMPANIES PUBLIC GOODS PURCHASES QUALITY SEED RAPESEED RAPID EXPANSION REFORM PROGRAMS REGULATORY BODIES REGULATORY FRAMEWORK REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS REPAYMENT REPUTATION RICE RISK MANAGEMENT SAVINGS SEED COTTON SEED PRODUCTION SEED TECHNOLOGY SINGLE MARKET SMALL FARMERS SOIL CONSERVATION SOIL FERTILITY SPREAD STAKEHOLDERS STATE UNIVERSITY SUBSTITUTE SUGAR SUPPLY CHAIN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TOTAL COST TRADE NEGOTIATIONS VALUE ADDED VERTICAL INTEGRATION WAGE WHEAT WORLD MARKET WORLD TRADE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION WTO YIELD INCREASE YIELDS
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World Bank
Africa | Africa
2012-03-19T10:02:51Z | 2012-03-19T10:02:51Z | 2009

Cotton is a major source of foreign exchange earnings in more than 15 countries across all regions of Sub-Saharan African (SSA) and a crucial source of cash income for millions of rural people in these countries. The crop is, therefore, critical in the fight against rural poverty. The World Bank and other development institutions have been and are currently assisting many cotton exporting countries of SSA to improve their cotton sector performance through projects supporting investment as well as through policy and institutional reform. Many SSA countries have been implementing or are considering implementing reforms of their cotton industries. The ultimate objective of the reform programs is to strengthen the competitiveness of cotton production, processing, and exports in an increasingly demanding world market and to ensure long-term, sustainable, and equitable growth for these major sectors of many African economies. The reform programs generally entail redefining the role of the state; facilitating greater involvement of the private sector and farmer organizations; ensuring greater competition in input and output markets; improving productivity through research and development, extension, and technology dissemination; and seeking value addition through market development and processing of cotton lint and by-products. A number of SSA cotton sectors, especially in West and Central Africa (WCA), are currently facing serious short-term financial difficulties. It is important to clarify that the purpose of this report is not to provide quick solutions to these short-run problems. Rather, it is to step back, build up a reliable broad assessment of cotton sector performance from detailed empirical information, and thereby provide guidance for the design of strategies that will address the long-term challenges of cotton production and marketing in Africa. Finally, to ensure that a broad perspective was brought to bear, the study was entrusted to a team which includes independent researchers and experts in the field of cotton.

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