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Africa's ICT Infrastructure : Building on the Mobile Revolution

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ALUMINUM ANNUAL CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS APPROACH AVAILABILITY AVERAGE TARIFF BACKUP POWER BLACKOUTS BLOCK TARIFF BORDER INFRASTRUCTURE BORDER TRADE BORDER TRANSMISSION CAPACITY EXPANSION CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL EXPENDITURES CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITAL INVESTMENTS CAR CARBON CARBON DIOXIDE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS CERTIFIED EMISSION REDUCTION CLIMATE CHANGE CO COAL COAL RESERVES COLORS COMPENSATION MECHANISMS CONCESSIONS CONSUMPTION OF ELECTRICITY COST OF POWER COST RECOVERY COSTS OF POWER DAMS DEMAND FOR POWER DIESEL DIESEL GENERATORS DIESEL POWER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK DOMESTIC ENERGY DOMESTIC ENERGY RESOURCES DOMINANT FUEL DRIVING DROUGHT ECONOMIC COSTS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC INTEGRATION ECONOMIES OF SCALE ELECTRIC POWER ELECTRICAL POWER ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ELECTRICITY DEMAND ELECTRICITY GENERATION ELECTRICITY PRICES ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION ELECTRICITY SECTOR ELECTRICITY SERVICES ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ELECTRICITY TARIFF EMISSION EMISSION REDUCTION CREDIT EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS EMISSIONS SAVINGS ENERGY POLICY ENERGY RESOURCES ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS EXCESS CAPACITY FARES FOSSIL FOSSIL FUELS FUEL FUEL OIL FUEL PRICES FUELS GAS GAS PRODUCTION GAS RESOURCES GASOLINE GENERATING CAPACITY GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATION COSTS GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY GEOTHERMAL PLANTS GEOTHERMAL POWER GLOBAL CARBON DIOXIDE GLOBAL CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS GOVERNMENT POLICY GREENHOUSE GREENHOUSE GAS GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS GREENHOUSE GASES GRID POWER GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH RATES HEAT HEAT PRODUCTION HEAVY FUEL OIL HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HYDROELECTRIC PLANTS HYDROPOWER HYDROPOWER GENERATION INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INTERNATIONAL ENERGY INVESTMENT CLIMATE INVESTMENT COSTS INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS KEROSENE KILOWATT HOUR KILOWATT-HOUR LEASE CONTRACTS LOAD SHEDDING LOWER TARIFFS MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS MARGINAL COST OF ELECTRICITY MARGINAL COSTS METHANE NATURAL GAS NUCLEAR POWER NUCLEAR POWER PLANT O&M OIL OIL PRICES OIL PRODUCTION OIL RESERVES PE PERFORMANCE INDICATORS PETROLEUM POWER POWER CAPACITY POWER CONSUMPTION POWER CORPORATION POWER COSTS POWER CRISIS POWER DEMAND POWER DEVELOPMENT POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION CAPACITY POWER GRID POWER MARKETS POWER OUTAGES POWER PLANTS POWER POOLS POWER PRICES POWER PRODUCTION POWER PROJECT POWER PROJECTS POWER SECTOR POWER SECTOR PLANNING POWER SECTOR REFORM POWER SHORTAGES POWER STATIONS POWER SUPPLIES POWER SUPPLY POWER SYSTEM POWER SYSTEMS POWER TRADE POWER TRADING PP PREPAYMENT PRICE DIFFERENTIAL PRICE OF OIL PRICE OF POWER PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION PROFIT MARGIN PROPANE PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE REDUCTION IN EMISSIONS REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE RENEWABLE ENERGY RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES RESIDENTIAL CUSTOMERS REVENUE COLLECTION ROUTES RURAL ELECTRIFICATION SANITATION SERVICE EXPANSION SHIPPING CONTAINERS SURPLUS POWER TARIFF STRUCTURES THERMAL CAPACITY THERMAL ENERGY THERMAL POWER THERMAL POWER PLANTS TIN TOTAL EMISSIONS TRADING PATTERNS TRANSMISSION CAPACITY TRANSMISSION GRID TRANSMISSION SYSTEM TRANSPORT TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORTATION URANIUM UTILITIES UTILITY BILL UTILITY LOAD VEHICLE VOLTAGE WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WEATHER PATTERNS WIND
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World Bank
Africa
Foster, Vivien | Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia
2012-03-19T09:04:07Z | 2012-03-19T09:04:07Z | 2011-06-23

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been a remarkable success in Africa. Across the continent, the availability and quality of service have gone up and the cost has gone down. In just 10 years dating from the end of the 1990s mobile network coverage rose from 16 percent to 90 percent of the urban population; by 2009, rural coverage stood at just under 50 percent of the population. Although the performance of Africa's mobile networks over the past decade has been remarkable, the telecommunications sector in the rest of the world has also evolved rapidly. Many countries now regard broadband Internet as central to their long-term economic development strategies, and many companies realize that the use of ICT is the key to maintaining profitability. This book is about that challenge and others. Chapters two and three describe the recent history of the telecommunications market in Africa; they cover such issues as prices, access, the performance of the networks, and the regulatory reforms that have triggered much of the investment. This part of the book compares network performance across the region and tries to explain why some countries have moved so much more quickly than others in providing affordable telecommunications services. Chapter four explores the financial side of the telecommunications revolution in Africa and details how the massive investments have been financed and which companies have most influenced the sector. Chapter five deals with the future of the sector. The final chapter synthesizes the main chapters of the book and presents policy recommendations intended to drive the sector forward.

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