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The Cash Dividend : The Rise of Cash Transfer Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa

ACCESS TO FINANCING ACCOUNTING ACTIVE LABOR ACTIVE LABOR MARKET ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICY ADVANCED ECONOMIES ADVERSE EFFECTS AGGREGATE DEMAND AGRICULTURAL SECTOR AVERAGE WAGES BANK FINANCING BRIBES CAPITAL FLOWS CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITAL MARKETS CENTRAL BANKS COLLECTIVE BARGAINING COMPETITIVE PRESSURE COMPETITIVE PRESSURES CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT CORRUPTION CREDIT ACCESS DEBT DEVELOPMENT BANK DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DISADVANTAGED GROUPS DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME DOMESTIC MARKET DOWNSIDE RISKS EARNINGS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC RECOVERY ECONOMIES OF SCALE EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENTS EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES EMERGING MARKETS EMPLOYABILITY EMPLOYEE EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT GENERATION EMPLOYMENT GROWTH EMPLOYMENT IMPACT EMPLOYMENT POLICIES EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION EMPLOYMENT RATE EMPLOYMENT SERVICES EMPLOYMENT SHARE EMPLOYMENT SUBSIDIES EMPLOYMENT TRENDS ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY ENTREPRENEURSHIP EXTERNALITIES EXTREME POVERTY FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS FEMALE ENTREPRENEURSHIP FEMALE LABOR FEMALE LABOR FORCE FIRM PERFORMANCE FISCAL POLICY FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT GENDER GENDER DIFFERENCES GENDER GAP GENDER INEQUALITIES GENDER ROLES GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION GOVERNMENT POLICIES GOVERNMENT POLICY HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT HOUSEHOLD DEBT HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSING HUMAN CAPITAL ID INCOME DISTRIBUTION INCOME GROUP INCOME INEQUALITIES INCOME INEQUALITY INDUSTRIAL WAGE INFLATION INFORMAL ECONOMY INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT INFORMAL LABOR MARKET INFORMAL SECTOR INNOVATION INTERNATIONAL BANK JOB CREATION JOB MATCH JOB MATCHES JOB OPPORTUNITIES JOB SEEKERS JOB TRAINING JOBS KEY CHALLENGES KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY LABOR DEMAND LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS LABOR MARKET INDICATORS LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS LABOR MARKET ISSUES LABOR MARKET OUTCOME LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE LABOR MARKET POLICIES LABOR MARKET REGULATION LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS LABOR MARKET SITUATION LABOR MARKETS LABOR MOBILITY LABOR POLICIES LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LABOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH LABOR REGULATION LABOR REGULATIONS LABOR SUPPLY LABOUR LABOUR TURNOVER LAWS LAYOFFS LIVING STANDARDS LOAN LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MACROECONOMICS MANPOWER MANPOWER POLICY MARKET ECONOMIES MARKET ENTRY MARKET FAILURES MIGRATION MINIMUM WAGE MINIMUM WAGES MONETARY POLICIES MONETARY POLICY MORAL HAZARD NATURAL RESOURCES OCCUPATIONS OPERATING PERMITS OUTREACH PASSIVE LABOR POLITICAL ECONOMY PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS PRIVATE SECTOR PRODUCTIVE WORK PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH PROGRAM DESIGN PROPERTY RIGHTS PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC POLICY PUBLIC SERVICES PUBLIC WORKS PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS PURCHASING POWER REAL INTEREST RATES REAL WAGE REAL WAGES RECESSION REGULATORY POLICY RENTS SAFETY SAFETY NET SAFETY NETS SAVINGS SERVICE EMPLOYMENT SERVICE INDUSTRIES SERVICE SECTOR SKILLS DEVELOPMENT SMALL BUSINESS SMALL BUSINESSES SMALL ENTERPRISES SOCIAL COHESION SOCIAL SECURITY SUBSIDIARY TAX ADMINISTRATION TAXATION TEMPORARY WORKERS TOTAL EMPLOYMENT TRADE LIBERALIZATION TRADE UNIONS TRAINING POLICIES TRAINING PROGRAMS TRANSITION ECONOMIES TRANSPORT UNEMPLOYED UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE UNEMPLOYMENT RATES UNION UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS VENTURE CREATION WAGE DETERMINATION WAGE INEQUALITY WAGE LEVEL WAGE PREMIUM WAGE RATE WAGE RATES WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS WORKER WORKERS WORKING CONDITIONS WORKING HOURS WORKING POOR YOUTH EMPLOYMENT YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
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World Bank
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa
2012-03-19T08:44:27Z | 2012-03-19T08:44:27Z | 2012

The results of the review do not disappoint. The authors identified more than 120 cash transfer programs that were implemented between 2000 and mid-2009 in Sub-Saharan Africa. These programs have varying objectives, targeting, scale, conditions, technologies, and more. A sizable number of these programs conducted robust impact evaluations that provide important information, presented here, on the merits of cash transfer programs and their specific design features in the African context. The authors present summary information on programs, often in useful graphs, and provide detailed reference material in the appendixes. They highlight how many of the cash transfer programs in Africa that had not yet begun implementation at the time of writing will continue to provide important evaluation results that will guide the design of cash transfer programs in the region. In addition to presenting data and analysis on the mechanics of the programs, the authors discuss issues related to political economy. They highlight the importance of addressing key tradeoffs in cash transfers, political will, and buy-in, and they emphasize the need to build evidence-based debates on cash transfer programs. Useful anecdotes and discussion illustrate how some programs have dealt with these issues with varying degrees of success. This text will serve as a useful reference for years to come for those interested in large- and small-scale issues of cash transfer implementation, both in Africa and beyond. However, the book is not an end in itself. It also raises important questions that must be addressed and knowledge gaps that must be filled. Therefore, it is useful both in the information it provides and in the issues and questions it raises.

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