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Working Paper

The Distribution of Consumption Expenditure in Sub-Saharan Africa : The Inequality among All Africans

LIVING STANDARDS PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION GROWTH RATES INCOME SHARE POVERTY LINE ECONOMIC GROWTH COUNTRY CLASSIFICATIONS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PRICE LEVELS LAGS INCOME INCREASING INEQUALITY POVERTY ESTIMATES REAL GDP EXCHANGE GDP PER CAPITA ECONOMIC REVIEW DEVELOPING COUNTRIES POVERTY HEADCOUNT AVERAGE INCOMES WELFARE REAL GROWTH ECONOMIC POLICY DISTRIBUTION POLICY DISCUSSIONS POOR PEOPLE GROWTH SPELLS DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS CONSUMPTION GROWTH AVERAGE INEQUALITY WEALTH DECREASING INEQUALITY ECONOMIC OUTLOOK INEQUALITY RESULTS PER CAPITA INCOMES BETWEEN-GROUP INEQUALITY MEASURING POVERTY PER CAPITA INCOME DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS POPULATION GROWTH INEQUALITY MEASURES INCOME INEQUALITY AVERAGE INCOME SIGNIFICANCE LEVEL EXCHANGE RATES BASE YEAR ECONOMETRICS HOUSEHOLD INCOME INFLATION RATE HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS LAND OWNERSHIP RELATIVE PRICES PRODUCT POOR GROWTH NATURAL RESOURCES INCOME CONVERGENCE INEQUALITY COMPONENT ECONOMIC RESEARCH LOGARITHMIC SCALE POWER PARITY REGIONAL MEDIAN CONSUMPTION INEQUALITY ESTIMATES ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE POPULATION SHARE LORENZ CURVE VALUE DEPENDENT VARIABLE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS PURCHASING POWER DEVELOPING WORLD INCREASING SHARE MEAN INCOME NATIONAL INCOME INCOME DISTRIBUTION INCOMES INEQUALITY DECOMPOSITION MEASUREMENT BENCHMARK MACRO-ECONOMIC POLICY ECONOMIC THEORY MEAN CONSUMPTION INEQUALITY MEASURE CUMULATIVE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION ECONOMIC INEQUALITY FALLING POVERTY TRADE LOW INCOME RESIDUAL INEQUALITY GROUP INEQUALITY GDP DATA SET THEORY ECONOMIES OF SCALE GROWTH RATE EXTREME POVERTY GROWTH PERFORMANCE AVERAGE ANNUAL EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE PRIVATE CONSUMPTION DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH POSITIVE GROWTH POLICY RESEARCH POVERTY RATE ANNUAL RATE MEASURING INEQUALITY MARGINAL PROPENSITY TO CONSUME MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES POSITIVE EFFECTS GROWTH PROCESS INCOME LEVEL DEVELOPMENT POLICY INCOME GROUPS INEQUALITY REGIONAL INEQUALITY
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa
2016-03-09T21:57:15Z | 2016-03-09T21:57:15Z | 2016-02

This paper uses a set of national household surveys to study the regional Sub-Saharan Africa distribution of consumption expenditure among individuals during 1993 to 2008. The analysis puts the disparities in living standards that exist among persons in Africa into context with the disparities that exist within and between African countries. Regional interpersonal inequality has increased (from a Gini index of 52 percent in 1993 to 56 percent in 2008), driven by increasing disparities in living standards across countries, while there has been no systematic increase in within-country inequality. For the African distribution as a whole, growth of consumption expenditure (from household surveys) has been low (around 1 percent per year). This growth has been uneven and as a result the richest 5 percent of Africans received around 40 percent of the total gains, while the bottom third stagnated.

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