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Land Conflict, Migration, and Citizenship in West Africa : Complex Diversity and Recurring Challenges

LABOR MIGRANTS IMMIGRANT ECONOMIC GROWTH DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE URBANIZATION ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CHALLENGES OF POPULATION ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION UNDOCUMENTED MIGRANTS ILLITERACY MIGRATION POLICY CARBON PRODUCERS RESOURCE MANAGEMENT REMITTANCE PROPERTY RIGHTS AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT TIMBER COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN ETHNIC GROUPS LABOR FORCE RIVER BASINS EMISSIONS DISCRIMINATION IRREGULAR MIGRANTS POLITICAL ECONOMY MIGRATION ISSUES IMMIGRANTS ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES PROTECTION OF MIGRANTS FAMILY MEMBERS INCENTIVES MODELS EMPIRICAL STUDIES INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION PRIVATE PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT GOALS LAND TENURE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL LEVEL VULNERABILITY DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES DEVELOPED COUNTRIES RESOURCE USE FLOWS OF REFUGEES KNOWLEDGE BENEFITS OF MIGRATION ARMED CONFLICT LABOR MARKET RURAL POPULATIONS COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT EXPLOITATION ARABLE LAND DRYLANDS OIL EQUAL TREATMENT NATIONAL LEGISLATION EQUAL RIGHTS POPULATION GROWTH HEALTH CENTERS OPTIONS CITIZEN MIGRATION DRY LANDS LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS NUMBER OF MIGRANTS DISASTERS FORESTRY LAND OWNERSHIP LAND RESOURCES EDUCATED MIGRANTS NATIONAL] LAWS DIVIDENDS DEMOGRAPHIC GROWTH NATURAL RESOURCES MIGRANTS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT POLITICAL SUPPORT EFFICIENCY FOOD PRODUCTION RANGELANDS TAXES RESPECT LAND USE ENTITLEMENTS PROGRESS RESOURCES MIGRATION FLOWS UNEMPLOYMENT EQUITY NATIONAL SECURITY MIGRANT RURAL COMMUNITIES REGIONAL POLICY FOOD SECURITY POLICIES CLIMATE CHANGE IMMIGRATION LAWS VALUES BASIC NEEDS LARGE NUMBERS OF REFUGEES POLICY MAKERS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS DEFORESTATION DEMAND NATIONAL BORDERS SUSTAINABLE USE URBAN AREAS ENVIRONMENTS PROPERTY REFUGEE DECISION MAKING MIGRANT WORKERS INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY REFUGEES POPULATIONS ENVIRONMENT POLICY DEVELOPMENTS NATIONALS STREAMS POLICY ECONOMICS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES CITIZENS FLOW OF REFUGEES MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE COMMON PROPERTY MIGRATION POLICIES FISHERIES ECONOMIC FACTORS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES HUMAN RIGHTS TRADE LAND MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES CITIZENSHIP RESOLUTION COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS WAR GROUNDWATER IRREGULAR MIGRATION HOST COUNTRY ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES FARMS POPULATION MOVEMENT MEAT IMMIGRATION ECOLOGY MIGRATION STATISTICS POPULATION DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT MIGRANT POPULATIONS RISK MANAGEMENT PRACTITIONERS FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS ECONOMISTS CIVIL WAR PASTURES WOMEN INHERITANCE REMITTANCES PROFITS ENVIRONMENTAL PUBLIC SERVICE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS WETLANDS PRICES ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIES HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | West Africa
2015-08-19T19:30:12Z | 2015-08-19T19:30:12Z | 2015

Land and property rights, migration, and citizenship are complex issues that cut across all social, economic, and political spheres of West Africa. This paper provides an overarching scoping of the most pressing contemporary issues related to land, migration, and citizenship, including how they intersect in various contexts and locations in West Africa. The way issues are analytically framed captures structural challenges and sets them against the regional and global meta-trends of which policy makers and practitioners should be aware for conflict-sensitive planning. The paper points to some of the effective practices in managing and mitigating these issues and also raises several questions on areas for future research. Part one lays out the migratory context in West Africa. It points to the type, nature, and extent of mobility that characterizes the region. Part two sets out West Africa’s land tenure and management systems, including structural challenges, general management policies, and key issues related to land tenure and migrants. Part three frames the key land and migration meta-trends in the context of fragility. Part four concludes with an overall exploration of the paper’s results and puts forward a series of research questions that are necessary in order to discern the most effective and realistic operational approaches.

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