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Working Paper

Indicators to Monitor Deeper Regional Trade Integration in Africa

FINANCIAL SERVICES EXPORT MARKETS LIABILITY FREIGHT HANDLING FOREIGN AFFILIATE FREE TRADE AGREEMENT WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION COST OF TRAVEL TRANSPORT SERVICE CROSSINGS REGIONAL TRADE AGREEMENTS DISPUTE SETTLEMENT GLOBAL MARKETS FOREIGN OWNERSHIP TRANSPORT CORRIDORS CROSS-BORDER TRADE VEHICLES TRADE BARRIERS INTEREST RATE REGIONAL LEVEL INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS BALANCE OF PAYMENTS NATIONAL TREATMENT INTEGRATION PROCESSES TRADE FLOWS BORDER CROSSINGS ELECTRONIC FUNDS CARRIERS INTEGRATION AGREEMENTS TRAFFIC ROUTES EXTERNAL TRADE MARKET ACCESS FREE TRADE DRIVERS TRADE AGREEMENTS TRADE REGULATIONS CUSTOMS PROCEDURES TRADE PATTERNS VEHICLE PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENTS ROAD COSTS RAIL TRANSPORT TRANSPORT OPERATORS TRAINING PORT AUTHORITIES TRADE INTEGRATION TRANSPORT LONG-DISTANCE REGIONAL TRADE NON-TARIFF BARRIERS CIVIL SOCIETY MODE OF TRANSPORT CUSTOMS INVESTMENT AGREEMENT FREIGHT FORWARDERS TARIFF REDUCTIONS TRADE POLICY ROUTE TRANSPORT POLICY FUELS SUBSIDIES COMMODITY PRICE TRADE POLICIES INFRASTRUCTURE TRUCK DRIVERS TAXES TRADE TRANSACTION BORDER TRADE GEOGRAPHICAL REGION INITIATIVES TRANSPORT FACILITATION DRIVING GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN SERVICES TRADE MEASURES INTERNAL MARKET TRAVEL TRANSPORTATION INSPECTION TRANSIT POLICIES INTERNATIONAL TRADE TRANSPARENCY BORDER CROSSING NON-TARIFF BARRIER TRUCKS POLICE LETTERS OF CREDIT POLICY MAKERS INTERNAL REGULATIONS EUROPEAN UNION FOREIGN INVESTMENT EXPORT PRODUCTS DEVELOPING WORLD WORKING CAPITAL EXTERNAL TARIFF COUNTRY OF DESTINATION CAPITAL FLOWS TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE INDICATORS RAILWAY FOREIGN EXCHANGE PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT COST OF TRANSPORTATION INTRAREGIONAL TRADE CROSSING REGIONAL INTEGRATION TRANSPORT INDICATORS AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS TRADE TRANSPORT SERVICE PROVIDERS OPEN MARKET IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMITMENTS ECONOMIES OF SCALE GOODS IN TRANSIT CUSTOMS CLASSIFICATION PREFERENTIAL TRADE RAIL TRIP TRANSPORT SYSTEM REGIONAL INTEGRATION AGREEMENTS INVESTMENTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY COSTS OF TRANSPORT FOREIGN COUNTRY POLICY RESEARCH RULES OF ORIGIN TRANSPORT COSTS NOISE EXTERNAL MARKETS DIESEL ROAD TRANSPORT TECHNICAL BARRIERS SAFETY INTERNATIONAL MARKETS WORLD MARKET FUNDS TRANSFERS FREIGHT AGRICULTURAL TRADE TRANSPORT OPERATIONS FINANCIAL INCENTIVES BOTTLENECKS
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Washington, DC
Africa | Africa
2015-06-30T21:36:48Z | 2015-06-30T21:36:48Z | 2015

Stronger regional integration has been a policy priority in Africa for several decades. Countries in Africa have committed to a process of deeper integration, but have made little progress in implementing commitments and removing barriers. This report looks at the monitoring of regional integration in Africa and argues that more effective monitoring processes for existing integration arrangements can help to raise the profile of the prevailing implementation deficits and provide policy makers and civil society with the necessary information to push for corrective action. Currently, most integration monitoring systems are scorecard-based compliance assessments. To obtain information on the impact of integration policies on ordinary traders, indicators of trade transaction costs are required. These can be indirect measures of trade volume changes or price differences, or direct estimates of the various trade cost components. The overall aim of this report is to explore indicators that capture the impact of regional policy reforms on trade transaction costs for ordinary traders, with a focus on indicators that can be linked to the implementation of specific policy measures. The report is organized as follows: section one gives introduction. Section two briefly discusses integration monitoring systems and related indicators in general. Section three presents an overview of regional trade indicators that are currently used by policy makers in Sub-Saharan Africa. Section four discusses the three main types of indicators, compliance with integration commitments, outcomes indirectly and at an aggregate level, and capturing specific trade cost components either directly or indirectly. Section five focuses on generating new indicators from new types of data sources; and section six discusses the way forward.

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