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Harnessing Urbanization to End Poverty and Boost Prosperity in Africa

ACCESS TO SERVICES ADEQUATE INFRASTRUCTURE AFFORDABLE HOUSING AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES AIR AIR POLLUTION BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE BOTTLENECKS BROWNFIELDS BUS BUS DEPOTS BUSES CAPACITY BUILDING CAPITAL FORMATION CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITAL INVESTMENTS CAPITAL MARKETS CARS CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT CITIZEN CITY DEVELOPMENT CITY DWELLERS CITY GOVERNMENTS CITY PLANNING CITY SIZE CLIMATE CHANGE COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE COMPETITIVE MARKETS COMPLEX TASK CONGESTION CREDITWORTHINESS DEBT DECISION MAKING DEVELOPED COUNTRIES DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT PLANS DRAINAGE DRINKING WATER DRIVERS DRIVING ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC CHANGE ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY ECONOMICS ECONOMIES OF SCALE EMISSIONS ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ENVIRONMENTAL EXTERNALITIES ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY EXPENDITURES FAMILY MEMBERS FINANCING OF INFRASTRUCTURE FISCAL POLICIES FLOOR AREA FLOOR AREA RATIO FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FUTURE GENERATIONS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT HIGH-SPEED RAIL HIGHWAYS HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HOUSING DEVELOPMENT HOUSING MARKETS HUMAN SETTLEMENTS ILLNESS INDUSTRIALIZATION INFORMAL HOUSING INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS INFORMATION SYSTEMS INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE UPGRADING INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY JOB CREATION LABOR FORCE LAND USE LARGE CITIES LARGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE LEGAL FRAMEWORK LEVELS OF PRODUCTIVITY LIVING STANDARDS LOCAL DEVELOPMENT LOCAL ECONOMY LOCAL GOVERNMENTS LOCAL TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS MIGRATION MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MOBILITY MORTALITY MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS NATIONAL BORDERS NATIONAL INCOME NATIONAL LEVEL NATURAL DISASTERS NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCES NEIGHBORHOODS OIL OIL PRICES POLICY DIALOGUE POLICY INSTRUMENTS POLICY MAKERS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POLLUTION POPULATION DENSITIES POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION DIVISION POPULATION GROWTH POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTION PRACTITIONERS PRIVATE PROPERTY PROGRESS PROPERTY RIGHTS PROVISION OF INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC GOODS PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC SERVICES PUBLIC TRANSPORT PUBLIC WORKS QUALITY OF LIFE RAIL RAIL NETWORK RATES OF GROWTH RECREATION REGIONAL BANKS REGIONAL TRANSPORT REGULATORY REGIMES REGULATORY SUPPORT RESEARCH AGENDA RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS RISING DEMAND RISK MANAGEMENT ROAD ROAD IMPROVEMENT ROADS RURAL AREAS RURAL POPULATION SANITATION SEA LEVEL SECONDARY CITIES SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE PROVIDERS SERVICE SECTORS SEWERAGE SLUMS SOCIAL AFFAIRS SOCIAL BENEFITS SOCIAL EQUITY SOCIAL IMPACT SOCIAL INCLUSION SOLID WASTE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT STAKEHOLDERS STRATEGIC PRIORITIES SUSTAINABLE CITIES SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE GROWTH TAXIS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TOWN DEVELOPMENT TRAFFIC TRANSPORT TRANSPORT AUTHORITY TRANSPORT COSTS TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT INVESTMENT TRANSPORT MODES TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORT SYSTEMS TRANSPORTATION TRAVEL TIME TREATMENT SERVICES TRUE UNPLANNED SETTLEMENTS URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTER URBAN DEVELOPMENT URBAN DWELLERS URBAN ENVIRONMENT URBAN GROWTH URBAN GROWTH RATE URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE URBAN INVESTMENTS URBAN ISSUES URBAN LAND URBAN MANAGEMENT URBAN MIGRATION URBAN MOBILITY URBAN POLICIES URBAN POOR URBAN POPULATION URBAN POPULATIONS URBAN POVERTY URBAN ROAD URBAN ROADS URBAN SECTOR URBAN SERVICES URBAN SPRAWL URBAN STAKEHOLDERS URBAN TRANSFORMATION URBAN TRANSPORT URBAN TRANSPORT SYSTEMS URBANIZATION URBANIZATION PROCESS URBANIZED COUNTRIES UTILITIES VEHICLE VULNERABILITY WASTE MANAGEMENT WEALTH WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION WORLD POPULATION
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa
2014-01-29T01:01:38Z | 2014-01-29T01:01:38Z | 2013-09

Urbanization is the single most important transformation that the African continent will undergo this century. More than half of Africa's population will live in its cities by 2040. In the face of rapid urbanization, there is a narrow window of opportunity to harness the potential of cities as engines of economic growth, and use this as a powerful leverage to achieve sustainable development and poverty reduction. Despite its rapid urban growth, Africa is less than halfway through the urbanization process and in some countries, a large number of people reside in rural areas. Rapid urbanization, if well managed, can curb urban sprawl, deteriorating access to services, greater inequality, and increased crime. The concentration of people in cities also elevates the risks and costs associated with extreme weather and natural disasters resulting from climate change. The World Bank Group's (WBGs) support will focus on three key areas: metropolitan areas and large cities; secondary and tertiary cities; and informal settlements. This will include both multi-sectoral investment programs that integrate a basket of services (for example, upgrading of electricity, water, sanitation, roads, drains in unplanned settlements); and sector specific projects (for example, in urban water, solid waste, and transport) to improve the effectiveness of service delivery. This paper is organized in following chapters: chapter one discusses why is it urgent to get Africa's urbanization right?; chapter two gives the vision for efficient, inclusive, and sustainable urbanization; chapter three presents priorities for Africa's policymakers; and chapter four deals with working with Africa to support efficient, inclusive, and sustainable cities.

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