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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Africa

AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK AFRICAN FARMERS AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AGRICULTURAL EXPORT AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES AGRICULTURAL LAND AGRICULTURAL MARKETS AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AGRICULTURAL POLICY AGRICULTURAL POLICY ISSUES AGRICULTURAL PRICE AGRICULTURAL PRICES AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTERS AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH ORGANIZATION AGRICULTURAL TRADE AGRICULTURE AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION ANIMAL DISEASE BALANCE SHEET BEAN BEEF BIOTECHNOLOGY BORDER PRICES CA CASH CROPS CASSAVA CENTRAL PLANNING COCOA COFFEE COMMODITIES COMMODITY COMMODITY PRICES COMMON MARKET COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE COMPETITIVENESS CONSUMER ECONOMICS CONSUMER FOOD SUBSIDIES CONSUMERS COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER COTTON COUNTRY TO COUNTRY CROP CROPS DATES DEPOSITS DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH DISEASE CONTROL DOLLAR VALUE DOLLAR VALUES DOMESTIC MARKET DOMESTIC MARKETS DOMESTIC PRICE DOMESTIC PRICES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMICS ECONOMICS RESEARCH EMERGING ECONOMIES EUROPEAN COMMISSION EXCHANGE RATE EXCHANGE RATE REGIMES EXCHANGE RATES EXPORT SECTOR EXPORTS EXTENSION EXTREME POVERTY FAO FARM PRODUCTS FARMERS FARMING FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FOOD AVAILABILITY FOOD CONSUMPTION FOOD POLICY FOOD POLICY RESEARCH FOOD PRICES FOOD PRODUCERS FOOD PRODUCTS FOOD STAPLES FOOD SUPPLIES FOREIGN CURRENCY FOREIGN EXCHANGE GA GATT GDP PER CAPITA GLOBAL EXPORTS GLOBAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROSS VALUE GROUNDNUT GROWTH RATE HUNGER IMPERFECT COMPETITION INSURANCE INTEGRATION INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH IN THE DRY AREAS INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAND REFORM LIVELIHOODS LIVESTOCK LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS MAIZE MARKET PRICES MARKET STRUCTURE MEAL MEAT MILK MILLET MULTILATERAL TRADE NASH NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH NET EXPORTS OILSEEDS OUTPUTS PALM OIL PER CAPITA INCOME PER CAPITA INCOMES PLANTAIN POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL REGIME POULTRY POVERTY ALLEVIATION POVERTY INCIDENCE POWER PARITY PRICE DISTORTIONS PROCESSED FOODS PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH PULSES PURCHASING POWER REAL GDP REGIONAL INTEGRATION RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE SHEEP SHEEP MEAT SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SORGHUM SOYBEAN STAPLE FOODS STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT STRUCTURAL CHANGE SUGAR SUGAR SORGHUM SUPERMARKET TAX TAXATION TEA TRADE LIBERALIZATION TRADE NEGOTIATIONS TRADE POLICIES TRADE POLICY TRANSITION ECONOMIES UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY OF SUSSEX URBAN POVERTY VALUE ADDED VANILLA WHEAT WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS WORLD TRADE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION WTO YAM
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World Bank
Africa | Africa
2012-03-19T10:02:55Z | 2012-03-19T10:02:55Z | 2009

One of every two people in Sub-Saharan Africa survives on less than $1.25 a day. That proportion has changed little over the past three decades, unlike in Asia and elsewhere, so the region's share of global poverty has risen from one-tenth to almost one-third since 1980. About 70 percent of today's 400 million poor Africans live in rural areas and depend directly or indirectly on farming for their livelihoods. While that rural share was even higher in the past, it means policies affecting the incentives for farmers to produce and sell farm products remain a major influence on the extent of Africa's poverty. The case studies help address questions such as the following: where is there still a policy bias against agricultural production? To what extent are some farmers now being protected from import competition? What are the political economic forces behind the more-successful reformers, and how do they compare with those in less-successful countries where major distortions in agricultural incentives remain? How important have domestic political forces been in bringing about reform, as compared with international forces? What explains the cross commodity pattern of distortions within the agricultural sector of each country? What policy lessons and trade implications can be drawn from these differing experiences with a view to ensuring better growth-enhancing and poverty-reducing outcomes in the study's focus countries and in the region's other economies?

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