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Working Paper

Clean and Improved Cooking in Sub-Saharan Africa : A Landscape Report

SOLAR HOME WOOD PLANT OIL SOLAR PROJECT BIOENERGY CARBON DIOXIDE FOSSIL FUELS DRY BIOMASS AIR QUALITY ELECTRICITY COSTS FUEL SOURCES ENERGY TECHNOLOGY TRADITIONAL BIOMASS ALCOHOL • FUEL ENERGY SAVING EMISSION REDUCTION GHGS SMOKE ETHANOL ANIMAL DUNG SUNNY DAYS ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH EMISSION REDUCTIONS GREENHOUSE GAS PORTABLE STOVE LIQUID BIOFUEL CLIMATE BENEFITS RENEWABLE FUELS OIL PRICES TRADITIONAL FUEL AIR POLLUTION BIOMASS RESOURCES CLEAN FUELS FUEL COLLECTION ENERGY SOURCES RURAL CONSUMER GHG GLOBAL WARMING BIOFUEL PRODUCTION HOUSEHOLD ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES ENERGY SERVICES ENERGY AUDIT ALTERNATIVE FUELS BIO ENERGY BURNING STOVES SOLAR ENERGY ENERGY SECTOR LIGHTING FUELS SUBSIDIES GREENHOUSE GASES CLEAN TECHNOLOGIES CARBON EMISSIONS GASIFICATION WOOD USE FUEL SUPPLY FUEL EFFICIENCY CROP CARBON REVENUE CROP WASTE ELECTRIC POWER SUSTAINABLE MARKETS ENERGY ASSESSMENT CLEAN DEVELOPMENT BIO-ETHANOL HOUSEHOLD FUELS FOSSIL FUEL ENERGY STRATEGY FUEL PRICES END-USER CLAY STOVES BIOGAS DIGESTERS CO CERAMIC LINER SOLID FUEL SOLAR SYSTEMS VILLAGE ENERGY CHARCOAL KILNS KEROSENE PRESSURE PORTABLE • STOVES ENERGY POVERTY BIOMASS ENERGY BIOFUEL NATURAL RESOURCE SOLAR LANTERNS CHARCOAL PRODUCTION DOMESTIC ENERGY COOK” STOVE FUEL TRADITIONAL STOVES CHRONIC BRONCHITIS METHANE REFRIGERATORS BIOFUELS NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY DISTILLERIES SUSTAINABLE MARKET ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION KEROSENE ALTERNATIVE FUEL FUEL MIX CERTIFIED EMISSION REDUCTIONS FUEL SUPPLIES COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY CARBON CREDIT MANURE DUNG ENERGY MARKETS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION SOLAR HOME SYSTEMS GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS RENEWABLE ENERGY ACCESS ENERGY SOURCE BULK PURCHASES CLEAN ENERGY BIOMASS STOVES SOLAR THERMAL LIQUID FUELS BIOGAS ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS USE OF BIOMASS SOLAR RADIATION TRADITIONAL FUELS ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES RURAL CONSUMERS SUSTAINABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT BIOMASS CARBON REVENUE STREAMS RURAL HOUSEHOLD RURAL HOUSEHOLDS AIR FLOW COOK STOVE SOLAR PANELS SUSTAINABLE ENERGY COOKING RURAL ENERGY SOLID FUELS BIOGAS PLANTS HOUSEHOLD INCOME END- USER POLLUTION CARBON REVENUES LIQUID PETROLEUM GAS METHANOL FOSSIL‐FUEL FUEL CONSUMPTION CARBON FINANCE FUEL WOOD ENERGY CONSUMPTION SOLAR LANTERN ENERGY SECURITY EFFICIENT STOVES CLIMATE CHANGE THERMAL EFFICIENCY BIOMASS STOVE CARBON CREDITS ACCESS TO CAPITAL DEFORESTATION URBAN HOUSEHOLD CHARCOAL CARBON REDUCTION FUEL SHORTAGES BIOGAS PLANT SOLID BIOMASS TRADITIONAL KILNS ELECTRICITY TARIFFS ETHANOL GEL CARBON MONOXIDE ENERGY ASSESSMENTS ENERGY EFFICIENCY CLEAN FUEL ELECTRICITY PRICES CHARCOAL DUST NATURAL GAS FUEL PRODUCTION FUEL PRICE RENEWABLE FUEL ENERGY DEVELOPMENT RURAL AREAS HOUSEHOLD LIGHTING ENERGY MANAGEMENT FUEL SOURCE ENERGY ECONOMICS PORTABLE STOVES EFFICIENT STOVE LIQUID BIOFUELS DISTILLERY TRADITIONAL STOVE HOUSEHOLD FUEL RURAL ELECTRIFICATION ENERGY INVESTMENT RENEWABLE PROJECTS URBAN HOUSEHOLDS COOK STOVES BIOGAS DIGESTER HOUSEHOLD ENERGY ENERGY ACCESS HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES RENEWABLE ENERGY WOODS GAS STOVES JATROPHA GREEN ENERGY
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa
2015-08-20T12:36:51Z | 2015-08-20T12:36:51Z | 2014-11

Evidence from the most recent World Health Organization (WHO) survey on the global burden of disease shows that nearly 600,000 Africans die annually and millions more suffer from chronic illnesses caused by air pollution from inefficient and dangerous traditional cooking fuels and stoves. This tragic and avoidable first-order public health crisis disproportionately harms women and children. Moreover, cooking with wood, charcoal, crop waste, dung, coal, and potentially dangerous and polluting modern fuels, such as kerosene, also imposes tremendous direct costs on economies and households in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and contributes to a wide range of negative environmental and climate change effects.This overview report, prepared in support of the World Bank’s Africa Clean Cooking Energy Solutions (ACCES) initiative, builds on earlier reports from the World Bank and the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GACC). The report establishes a baseline for the SSA cooking landscape and offers an overview of emerging opportunities to encourage increased investment in clean and improved cooking businesses across the region. This report covers the full range of clean and improved cooking solutions in SSA that can enhance the fuel efficiency and emissions performance of traditional technologies, each varying widely in terms of fuel feedstock, design, construction materials, methods of production, and harm mitigation potential.

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