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ICTs for Regional Trade and Integration in Africa

ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEMS AIR AIRPORT AIRPORTS AUTHENTICATION AUTOMATION BACKBONES BEST PRACTICE BILATERAL TRADE BORDER CROSSINGS BORDER INFRASTRUCTURE BORDER MANAGEMENT BOTTLENECKS BROADBAND BUSINESS INFORMATION BUSINESS INTERACTION BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES BUSINESS PARTNERS BUSINESS PROCESS BUSINESS STAKEHOLDERS BUSINESSES CAPABILITIES CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT CAPACITY-BUILDING CLIMATE CHANGE COMMODITIES COMMODITY COMMON MARKET COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES COMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS COMPETITIVENESS CONNECTIVITY COUNTRY OF ORIGIN CROSS-BORDER TRADE CUSTOM CUSTOM UNIONS CUSTOMS CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATION CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATIONS CUSTOMS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CUSTOMS REVENUE CUSTOMS UNIONS DATA ENTRY DATA INTEGRITY DATA NETWORKS DATA TRANSMISSION DELIVERY OF GOODS DEVELOPING REGIONS DIGITAL DATA DIGITAL FORMATS DOMESTIC MARKETS DRIVING E-COMMERCE ECOMMERCE ECONOMIC COOPERATION ECONOMIC INTEGRATION ELECTRONIC COMMERCE ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS ENABLING ENVIRONMENT ENTRY POINT ENTRY POINTS ENVIRONMENT FOR ECOMMERCE EXPORT OPPORTUNITIES EXPORTS EXTERNAL TARIFF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FINANCIAL SERVICES FINANCIAL SUPPORT FLOW OF GOODS FREE TRADE FREE TRADE ZONE FREE TRADE ZONES FREIGHT FREIGHT FORWARDERS FREIGHT TRANSPORT GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEMS GLOBAL TRADING GOODS IN TRANSIT GOVERNMENT SERVICES GPS HARMONIZATION HUMAN CAPACITY ICT IMPLEMENTATIONS IMPORTS INDUSTRIAL COUNTRIES INFORMATION PORTALS INFORMATION SERVICES INNOVATION INSPECTION INSPECTIONS INSURANCE INTERFACE INTERFACES INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS INTERNATIONAL TRANSACTIONS JOB CREATION JOINT VENTURES LIBERALIZATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS MANUFACTURING MARKET OPPORTUNITIES MICROPAYMENTS MOBILE NETWORKS MOBILE PHONE MOBILE TRANSACTIONS MOVEMENT OF GOODS NATURAL RESOURCES NETWORKS NEW MARKETS NON-TARIFF BARRIERS ONLINE PAYMENTS ORDER TRANSACTION PAYMENT ORDER PAYMENT SYSTEMS PCS PDF POLICY FRAMEWORK PORT ADMINISTRATIONS PORT AUTHORITY POTENTIAL BENEFITS PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS PROCUREMENT PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS RADIO RADIO FREQUENCY RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION RAILWAYS RAPID GROWTH REGIONAL INTEGRATION REGIONAL LEVEL REGIONAL TRADE REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT RELIABILITY RESULT RESULTS RFID ROADS ROUTE ROUTES RULES OF ORIGIN SINGLE ENTRY POINT STANDARDIZATION SUPPLY CHAIN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT TRACKING SYSTEMS TRADE BARRIERS TRADE FACILITATION TRADE IN GOODS TRADE IN SERVICES TRADE INTEGRATION TRADE LOGISTICS TRADE MARK TRADE PERFORMANCE TRADE PROMOTION TRADE ROUTES TRANSACTION COSTS TRANSIT TRANSIT ROUTES TRANSPARENCY TRANSPORT TRANSPORT CORRIDORS TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT OPERATORS USER USERS USES VERIFICATION WORLD MARKETS WORLD TRADE
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa
2014-07-23T22:10:42Z | 2014-07-23T22:10:42Z | 2014

Trade is critically important to Africa's economic prospects, as a source of revenue, investment and employment, yet Africa's trade is highly fragmented and the weakness of its trade performance constrains growth and poverty reduction. Africa today generates only about 2.5-3.5 per cent of world trade. African countries mostly export primary commodities while importing manufactured goods, from Europe, North America or developing regions outside Africa. Only about 10 per cent of Africa's trade is exchanged within the continent, a much lower proportion than in other world regions. Small domestic markets, landlocked status and limited natural resources restrict the trade potential of many countries. These structural factors inhibit the development of manufacturing sectors which could supply both African and world markets. Trade barriers are strongest at critical points along the supply chain between producers and consumers of goods and services, particularly points of entry/exit between countries.

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