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Working Paper

Roads and Rural Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

TRANSPORTATION INVESTMENTS DEFICIT HOLDING POPULATION DISTRIBUTION LOCAL POPULATION CHECKS ACCOUNTING URBANIZATION ROAD IMPROVEMENTS INTEREST CROPLAND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE URBAN POPULATION GROWTH RATES EXCHANGE PROPERTY RIGHTS DOMESTIC MARKET ELASTICITY POLITICAL ECONOMY POLICY DISCUSSIONS PRICING ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE DUMMY VARIABLE MARKET ACCESS NUMBER OF PEOPLE CHANGE IN POPULATION TRANSACTION COST INTERNATIONAL BANK TRANSPORT INVESTMENT TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE ENABLING ENVIRONMENT SPEEDS POVERTY REDUCTION CONVERSION KNOWLEDGE DEVELOPMENT TRANSPORT INVESTMENTS ROAD CROP PRODUCTION COSTS MARKET DEVELOPMENT ROAD NETWORK TRANSPORT LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES POPULATION GROWTH AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY POPULATION DIVISION INDUSTRIALIZATION MIGRATION MONETARY FUND ADOPTION MARKETS RETURN INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS CULTURAL CHANGE PRODUCT TRAVEL TIMES RURAL ROADS POPULATION PANEL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT TRANSPORT INDUSTRY INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT LAND USE RESPECT CITY POPULATION PROGRESS TRANSACTION GOOD FOOD SECURITY TRAVEL TRANSPORTATION MARKET POTENTIAL POLICIES ROAD CATEGORIES POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER VALUE POPULATION GROWTH RATES LOCAL MARKET RETURNS ACCESSIBILITY DEMAND RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL POVERTY POPULATION DENSITY URBAN AREAS GLOBAL POPULATION AGRICULTURE PROPERTY IMPROVED ACCESSIBILITY MARKET POPULATIONS ACCESS TO MARKETS HIGHWAYS AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES POLICY POPULATION GROWTH RATE ROADS EXTERNAL MARKET CD SOCIAL AFFAIRS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT HIGHWAY GOODS SECURITY REGIONS LOCAL COMMUNITIES INVESTMENT SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION URBAN POPULATION GROWTH RURAL AREAS POVERTY RAILROADS SUBSISTENCE FARMING LANES POPULATION INVESTMENTS CHECK POLICY RESEARCH HEAVY RELIANCE ROAD INVESTMENT ROAD CONNECTIONS FERTILITY ROAD INFORMATION POPULATION DATA URBAN POPULATIONS TRANSPORT COSTS PUBLIC SPENDING EXTERNAL MARKETS TRAVEL TIME RURAL DEVELOPMENT URBAN POPULATION TRANSPORT POLICIES POPULATION INCREASES PRICES DEVELOPMENT POLICY
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa
2016-07-07T21:53:38Z | 2016-07-07T21:53:38Z | 2016-06

This paper assesses the relation between access to markets and cultivated land in Sub-Saharan Africa. Making use of a geo-referenced panel over three decades (1970-2005) during which the road network was significantly improved, the analysis finds a modest but significant positive association between increased market accessibility and local cropland expansion. It also finds that cropland expansion, in turn, is associated with a small but significant increase in local gross domestic product. These results are suggestive of agricultural activities that develop at the extensive margin, which are mostly to serve local demand, but are not indicative of commercial agriculture that serves external markets.

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