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Promoting Green Urban Development in African Cities : eThekwini, South Africa Urban Environmental Profile

AQUATIC HABITATS FISH ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY HABITAT TYPES STORMWATER ESTUARINE ENVIRONMENTS AGRICULTURAL LAND USES ECOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE TOPOGRAPHY WATERWAYS STORMS DISCHARGE DRAINAGE CHANNELS HABITAT REQUIREMENTS SEDIMENT TRAPS HYDROLOGY MONITORING NUTRIENT LEVELS RESERVOIRS RAINFALL EVENTS ECOSYSTEM RESTORATION INCINERATORS COASTAL PLAIN QUALITY RECREATIONAL USE FRESHWATER WETLAND STORM RUNOFF PLANTS WILDLIFE PETROLEUM SUBTROPICAL CLIMATE INVASIVE SPECIES METROPOLITAN AREAS SWAMP CURRENTS SAND BIODIVERSITY IMPROPER DISPOSAL SPECIES WAVES RAINFALL SEA LEVEL RISE DRAINAGE FLOOD ATTENUATION FORESTRY PHOSPHORUS INDICATORS LAND OWNERSHIP COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS WATERFOWL RUNOFF EUTROPHICATION CROPS AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS LAND USE SHORES TIDAL AREAS SURFACE WATERS ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION PLANTATION POINT SOURCE POLLUTION SOURCE POLLUTION CLIMATE STORM EVENTS FRUIT LAND AREA OXYGEN LEVELS AGRICULTURE FOREST BACTERIAL LEVELS ECOLOGICAL PROCESSES DISSOLVED OXYGEN GRASSLANDS RESTORATION PROGRAMS AESTHETICS ISLANDS ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS FISHERIES DATA SETS COASTS IMPERVIOUS LAND LAND HISTORICAL WETLANDS ALGAE ANALYSIS RECREATIONAL AREAS NITROGEN OBSERVATIONS WATERSHED RIVERINE ESTUARIES DREDGING MITIGATION SAMPLING WETLAND ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION HEADWATERS RESTORATION BIOCONTROL INDUSTRIAL USE IMPERVIOUS SURFACE NATIVE SPECIES FLOODING WETLAND LOCATIONS NO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION BIRDS INVERTEBRATES LAND USES WATER RUNOFF RESTORATION ACTIVITIES COASTAL WATERS DAMS PARKS DRAINAGE SYSTEMS DATA COLLECTION ENVIRONMENTAL FUNCTIONS NUTRIENT CYCLING HABITATS HOUSING SURFACE WATER FLATS PLANT LIFE FRESHWATER WETLANDS WILDLIFE HABITAT COASTAL ZONE UPLAND AREAS MANGROVES TIDAL FLATS BAY EROSION CONTROL FOREST FLOOR BENTHIC COMMUNITIES RIVER CORRIDORS WINDS PUBLIC HEALTH STREAM HEAVY METAL HUMAN ACTIVITIES BIOMASS SEDIMENT MARINE SCIENCE MINING OPERATIONS NATIONAL FORESTS WETLAND LOSS LAND AREAS FLOODS SEDIMENTS CONSTRUCTION FOOD CHAIN COASTAL EROSION IMPERVIOUS SURFACES MACROPHYTES POINT SOURCE STORM WATER CLASSIFICATION BACTERIA PLANT SPECIES FLOODPLAINS VEGETATIVE COVER NATIONAL PARKS BEACH VEGETATION STUDIES UPLAND HABITATS CLIMATE CHANGE DISSOLVED OXYGEN LEVELS INDUSTRIAL WASTES PLANTATIONS BEACHES FRESHWATER CONSERVATION RESERVE STORM EVENT COASTAL STORMS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS FORESTS POLLUTANTS AGRICULTURAL LAND ESTUARINE RIPARIAN VEGETATION POLLUTANT LOADS FOOD AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES GEOGRAPHIC AREAS ADMINISTRATION SURFACE AREA EROSION AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY SEWAGE TREATMENT INVASIVE PLANT SPECIES ECOSYSTEMS COAST NATIVE FLORA GROUNDWATER MUNICIPAL SEWAGE SYSTEM CONSERVATION NUTRIENT LOADS ECOLOGY POLLUTION CONTROL SOILS RIVER SYSTEMS EFFLUENTS IMPERVIOUS SURFACE AREA WETLANDS IMPLEMENTATION LAND MANAGEMENT WETLAND ASSESSMENTS PRESERVATION RIVER STORMWATER RUNOFF
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | South Africa
2016-04-11T18:32:41Z | 2016-04-11T18:32:41Z | 2016-02

The city of eThekwini or Durban has undergone a period of rapid urbanization that has contributed to the degradation of the city’s natural environment. Climate change is placing further strains on the city’s ability to manage the urban environment. The urban environmental profile of eThekwini has been prepared as the first component of the assignment promoting green urban development in Africa: enhancing the relationship between urbanization, environmental assets and ecosystem services, a project being conducted under the leadership of the World Bank. An overall objective of this project is to link the study of urban environmental issues with the advancement of more sustainable urban growth. The profile summarizes the existing quality of the terrestrial and other aquatic environmental assets, identifies the key drivers that are the cause of their vulnerability, and describes the key institutional challenges and constraining factors that limit the city’s ability to address environmental management challenges. Identification of the key environmental assets and key drivers of environmental degradation within the city required a more comprehensive review of reports on urban planning and infrastructure services. The urban environmental profile is organized as follows: section one gives introduction. Section two, eThekwini context, sets the background, and context of the study of Durban, providing an overview of the impacts of urbanization and climate change and drawing the link to the urban environment. Section three, quality of the environmental assets of eThekwini describes the state of the key environmental assets of eThekwini: the terrestrial assets, aquatic assets, coastal assets, and the air, and attempts to infer the associated historic and current trends. Section four, drivers of environmental vulnerability and degradation describes the key issues that are driving degradation, the impacts caused, and the reason for these challenges. Section five, institutional issues and challenges describes the key factors that constrain the eThekwini‘s ability to effectively address environmental management challenges. Section six, key findings provides a synthesis of key findings of the study.

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