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Promoting Green Urban Development in African Cities : Kampala, Uganda, Urban Environmental Profile

FLOODING ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY FISH WETLAND RESTORATION WETLAND QUALITY STORMWATER ECONOMIC GROWTH BIRDS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION POLICY ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION CARBON DIOXIDE AIR QUALITY LAND USES WASTE MANAGEMENT WETLAND AREA PLANNING PROCESS PHRAGMITES TOPOGRAPHY SPECIES RICHNESS CARBON ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS DRAINAGE SYSTEMS WATERWAYS STUDY PERIOD DISCHARGE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT DRAINAGE CHANNELS HEAVY METALS FINANCIAL RESOURCES HYDROLOGY RESOURCE ALLOCATION NUTRIENT CYCLING EMISSIONS MONITORING RESERVOIRS HOUSING ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT INCENTIVES ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES DRINKING WATER QUALITY WETLAND AREAS UPLAND AREAS BAY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT QUALITY NON-INDIGENOUS SPECIES PUBLIC HEALTH BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY AUDITS RESOURCE USE STORM RUNOFF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY SEDIMENT PLANTS WILDLIFE EXPLOITATION OIL AIR POLLUTION TRADEOFFS WETLAND LOSS POPULATION GROWTH SEDIMENTS FLOODS INVASIVE SPECIES WETLAND CONVERSION CONSTRUCTION SWAMP OPTIONS POLLUTION LEVELS BIODIVERSITY SPECIES RAINFALL DRAINAGE FLOOD ATTENUATION POLLUTION ECOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS FORESTRY INDICATORS BENEFIT ANALYSIS WETLAND SYSTEMS WETLANDS MANAGEMENT WETLAND • SYSTEM NATURAL RESOURCES STORM WATER PRECIPITATION HYDROGEN METALS RUNOFF WETLAND RESOURCES CROPS EFFICIENCY AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS LAND USE SHORES PLANT SPECIES RESOURCES PROTECTING WETLANDS WETLAND DRAINAGE BEACH VEGETATION CONTINUOUS MONITORING CLIMATE CHANGE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT VALUES WETLAND VEGETATION ECONOMIC VALUE QUALITY STANDARDS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS DOMINANT VEGETATION CLIMATE DEFORESTATION FORESTS STORM EVENTS LAND AREA POLLUTANTS AGRICULTURE COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS PROPERTY FOREST AERIAL IMAGERY FLOODWATERS WETLANDS SYSTEMS ENVIRONMENT FOOD GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE STREAMS WASTE DISPOSAL SURFACE AREA WETLAND SYSTEM FISHERIES ECONOMIC FACTORS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SEWAGE TREATMENT AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY EROSION LAKES LAND ECOSYSTEMS ANALYSIS DRINKING WATER WATERSHED RIVERINE RESIDENTIAL AREAS GROUNDWATER MITIGATION NUTRIENT LOADS DOWNSTREAM AREAS WETLAND FARMS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT ECOLOGY FLOOD CONTROL WATER POLLUTION REVENUE POLLUTION CONTROL RESTORATION RISK MANAGEMENT WETLAND WATER RECYCLING WETLAND FUNCTION EFFLUENTS DEGRADING WATER QUALITY PROPERTY VALUES ENVIRONMENTAL WETLANDS IMPLEMENTATION LAND MANAGEMENT IMPERVIOUS SURFACE NATIVE SPECIES NATIONAL WETLANDS STORMWATER RUNOFF RIVER
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Uganda
2015-11-10T19:23:47Z | 2015-11-10T19:23:47Z | 2015-09

The city of Kampala has undergone a period of rapid urbanization that has contributed to the degradation of the city’s natural environment. The urban environmental profile for Kampala has been prepared as the first component of the assignment promoting green urban development in Africa: enhancing the relationship between urbanization, environmental assets, and ecosystem services, a project being conducted under the leadership of the World Bank. An overall objective of this project is to link the study of urban environmental issues with the advancement of more sustainable urban growth. The profile summarizes the existing quality of the wetlands and other aquatic and terrestrial environmental assets, identifies the key drivers that are the cause of their vulnerability, and describes the key institutional challenges and constraining factors that limit the city’s ability to address environmental management challenges. Identification of the key environmental assets and key drivers of environmental degradation within the city required a more comprehensive review of reports on urban planning and infrastructure services. The city has recently made progress in the development of key infrastructure systems such as solid waste management and sanitation. The report is organized as follows: section one gives introduction. Section two sets the background and context for Kampala, providing an overview of the impacts of rapid urbanization and climate change, drawing linkages to urban environmental assets. Section three, quality of the environmental assets of Kampala describes the state of the key environmental assets, including the terrestrial assets, aquatic assets, and air quality, and attempts to infer the associated historic and current trends. Section four, drivers of environmental vulnerability and degradation describes the key issues that are driving degradation and the impacts caused. Section five, institutional issues and challenges describes the key factors that constrain Kampala‘s ability to effectively address environmental management challenges. Section six, provides a synthesis of key findings.

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