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Working Paper

Agriculture Production and Transport Infrastructure in East Africa : An Application of Spatial Autoregression

WOOD AGRICULTURAL GROWTH FERTILIZER ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PRODUCTION DOMESTIC FOOD CROP DISTRIBUTION CROPLAND AGRICULTURE SECTOR AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE INFORMATION ELASTICITY AGRICULTURAL LANDS CASSAVA FOOD POLICY IFPRI AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AGRICULTURAL SYSTEM TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT ACCESS INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE FERTILIZERS KNOWLEDGE MAIZE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS ROAD CROP PRODUCTION CEREALS COSTS AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES PRODUCTION SYSTEM CASH CROPS ACCESSIBILITY INDICES ROAD NETWORK FOOD POLICY RESEARCH TRANSPORT POPULATION GROWTH COFFEE PRODUCTION SEEDS PRODUCTS SEED RESEARCH FARMING FARMERS RURAL ROADS COCOA TOBACCO CROPS INFRASTRUCTURE ACCESS TO INFORMATION LAND USE PRODUCE INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT TRANSPORT NETWORK INITIATIVES NATIONAL PARKS TRANSPORTATION TEA CROP AGRIBUSINESS PLANTAINS ECOLOGICAL ZONES PRODUCTIVITY OF LAND CROP PRICES ELASTICITIES MAIZE YIELDS CLIMATE ACCESSIBILITY NATIONAL TRANSPORT POPULATION DENSITY CROPPING CROP SUITABILITY AGRICULTURAL SECTOR COFFEE AGRICULTURE HORTICULTURE CROP LAND AGRICULTURAL LAND FAO RICE PRODUCTION FERTILIZER APPLICATION FERTILIZER USE AGRICULTURAL AREAS AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS RAILWAY FOOD ECONOMICS ROAD USER EXPORT CROPS MANAGEMENT ROADS COTTON WALKING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS LAND FOOD CROP AGRICULTURAL LABOR PRODUCTION SYSTEMS FARM FOOD CROPS RAILROADS BANANAS FEED WHEAT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY INVESTMENTS RICE YIELDS WALKING DISTANCE SOIL FERTILITY CROPPING INTENSITY ROAD INVESTMENT PORT ACCESS ROAD CONDITIONS AGRICULTURAL TRANSPORT COSTS TECHNOLOGIES ROAD TRANSPORT COMMODITY FOOD STAPLES AGRICULTURAL OUTPUTS BOTTLENECKS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | East Africa
2015-07-14T21:01:53Z | 2015-07-14T21:01:53Z | 2015-06

Africa is estimated to have great potential for agricultural production, but there are a number of constraints inhibiting the development of that potential. Spatial data are increasingly important in the realization of potential as well as the associated constraints. With crop production data generated at 5-minute spatial resolution, the paper applies the spatial tobit regression model to estimate the possible impacts of improvements in transport accessibility in East Africa. It is found that rural accessibility and access to markets are important to increase agricultural production. In particular for export crops, such as coffee, tea, tobacco, and cotton, access to ports is crucial. The elasticities are estimated at 0.3–4.6. In addition, the estimation results show that spatial autocorrelation matters to the estimation results. While a random shock in a particular locality would likely affect its neighboring places, the spatial autoregressive term can be positive or negative, depending on how fragmented the current production areas are.

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