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Trafficking and Fragility in West Africa

ABUSE ACCIDENTS ACCOUNTABILITY ALLIANCES ANTI-CORRUPTION ARMED FORCE ASSAULT ASSAULTS ASSETS BASIC SERVICE BUSINESSMEN CANNABIS CITIZEN CIVIL SOCIETY CIVIL WAR CIVIL WARS CLEAN WATER COCAINE COLLAPSE COLLUSION COMBATANTS COMPLAINTS CONFLICT CONFLICT PREVENTION CONFLICTS CONTAINMENT CONVICTION CORRUPT CORRUPT OFFICIALS CORRUPTION CORRUPTION FIGHT COUNTERINSURGENCY COUNTRY REPORTS CRIME CRIME PREVENTION CRIME RATES CRIMES CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY CRIMINAL CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION CRIMINAL JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS CRIMINALITY CRIMINALS DEMOBILIZATION DEMOCRACY DEPENDENCE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS DISARMAMENT DRUG DRUG SEIZURES DRUG TRADE DRUG TRAFFICKER DRUG TRAFFICKERS DRUG TRAFFICKING DRUGS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC GROWTH ELECTIONS EX-COMBATANTS EXTORTION FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION FIGHTING FIREARMS FOREIGNERS GANG GANGS GENOCIDE GLOBAL INITIATIVE GOVERNMENT CORRUPTION GROWTH RATE GUNS HEROIN HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN SECURITY HUMAN TRAFFICKING INCOME INSECURITY INSTITUTIONAL WEAKNESSES INTEGRITY INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL TRADE INVESTIGATIONS INVESTIGATORS JUDICIAL PROCESSES JUDICIAL SYSTEMS KIDNAPPING LAW ENFORCEMENT LAWS LOCAL COMMUNITIES LOCAL GOVERNANCE MARKET ECONOMY MEDIA MEDIATION MENTORING MILITARY BUDGETS MILITARY EXPENDITURE MILITARY LEADERS MINISTER MONEY LAUNDERING MULTINATIONAL NARCOTICS NARCOTICS CONTROL NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONS NATURAL RESOURCES ORGANISED CRIME ORGANIZED CRIME ORGANIZED CRIMES PATRONAGE PEACE PEACE RESEARCH PEACEBUILDING POLICE POLICE OFFICERS POLITICAL COMPETITION POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL INSTABILITY POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS POLITICAL VIOLENCE POLITICIANS PRISON PROJECT DESIGNS PROPERTY RIGHTS PROSECUTION PROSECUTOR PUBLIC OFFICIALS REBEL REBELS RECONCILIATION RECONSTRUCTION REGIONAL INTEGRATION REMEDY RIGHT ROAD ROADS RULE OF LAW SECURITY FORCES SERVICE DELIVERY SEXUAL EXPLOITATION SHOOTING SMUGGLERS SOCIAL NETWORKS SOCIAL SCIENCE SOCIAL SERVICE SOCIAL SERVICES TERRORISM THEFT TOLERANCE TRAFFICKING TRANSITION FROM WAR TO PEACE TRANSPARENCY TRIAL UNDP VICTIMS VIOLENCE VIOLENCE PREVENTION VIOLENT CRIME WEAPONS WORLD DEVELOPMENT YOUTH YOUTH EMPOWERMENT YOUTH INVOLVEMENT
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World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Africa | West Africa
2014-12-03T21:06:43Z | 2014-12-03T21:06:43Z | 2014-10

Trafficking is an emerging concern in West Africa. In 2011, 17 percent of all cocaine consumed in Europe -- 21 tons -- passed through the region, for a retail value of US$1.7 billion. This paper discusses the evolution of trafficking in the region and provides estimates of the size and value of trafficking flows to demonstrate the significance of this illegal activity. Although this topic is gaining increasing attention, less attention has been has been paid to how trafficking is perpetuating fragility. This paper contributes to this area of research by identifying five channels through which trafficking is intensifying fragility in the region. The relative importance of each channel is discussed, with specific countries as case-study examples. Possible programmatic responses are then suggested with examples of policy approaches successfully adopted elsewhere in the world.

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