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Economic & Sector Work :: Institutional and Governance Review (IGR)

CPIA Africa, June 2014 : Assessing Africa's Policies and Institutions

ACCESS TO FINANCE ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES ACCESS TO INFORMATION ADMINISTRATIVE CAPACITY ADMINISTRATIVE COST ADOLESCENT FERTILITY AIR POLLUTION ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES ARREARS BANKS BENEFICIARIES BORROWING BRANCH NETWORK CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS CAPITAL ADEQUACY CAPITAL MARKETS CASH TRANSFER CASH TRANSFERS CLIMATE CHANGE CONSUMER PROTECTION CONTRACEPTION CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE CONTRACT RIGHTS CORPORATE TAXES CORRUPTION COST OF SUBSIDIES CURRENT ACCOUNT CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICITS DEBT DEBT MANAGEMENT DEBT POLICY DEBT RATIOS DEBT SERVICE DEBTS DECENTRALIZATION DECISION MAKING DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DISCRIMINATION DOMESTIC MARKETS DOMESTIC VIOLENCE DONOR FUNDS E-GOVERNMENT EARLY CHILDHOOD ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC INTEGRATION ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES ECONOMIC RESOURCES EDUCATION FINANCE EDUCATION LEVEL EDUCATION SYSTEM EDUCATION SYSTEMS EMERGING MARKETS EMPLOYMENT STATUS ENDOWMENTS ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY ENVIRONMENTS EQUAL ACCESS EQUIPMENT EXCHANGE RATE EXPENDITURE EXTREME POVERTY FAMILIES FINANCIAL CAPITAL FINANCIAL LITERACY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL MARKETS FINANCIAL RESOURCES FINANCIAL STABILITY FINANCIAL SYSTEMS FINANCIAL WEAKNESS FINANCIAL WEAKNESSES FISCAL DEFICIT FISCAL POLICY FISH FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FRAGILE GROUP FRAGILE GROUPS FRAUD GENDER GENDER DISPARITIES GENDER EQUALITY GENDER GAPS GENDER INEQUALITIES GENDER ISSUES GENDER PARITY GLOBAL ECONOMY GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT GOVERNMENT BONDS GOVERNMENT DEBT GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES GOVERNMENT REVENUE GOVERNMENT SPENDING HOUSEHOLDS HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCES HUSBANDS ILLITERACY INCOME LEVEL INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES INEQUALITY INFLATION INFLATION RATE INFORMATION SYSTEM INFORMATION SYSTEMS INSTRUMENT INSURANCE INTEREST PAYMENTS INTEREST RATE INTEREST RATE CEILINGS INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL MARKETS INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL FINANCE INTERNATIONAL MARKETS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS INVESTMENT CLIMATE JUDICIAL SYSTEM LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKETS LACK OF TRANSPARENCY LEGAL FRAMEWORK LEGAL PROTECTION LEGAL RIGHTS LIQUIDITY LIVE BIRTHS MACROECONOMIC POLICIES MACROECONOMIC POLICY MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MALE LABOR FORCE MALE PARTICIPATION MARRIED WOMEN MATERNAL HEALTH MATERNAL HEALTH CARE MATERNAL MORTALITY MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL MONETARY AUTHORITIES MONETARY POLICIES MONETARY POLICY NATIONAL CONSTITUTION NATURAL RESOURCES NON-PERFORMING LOAN NON-PERFORMING LOANS OIL OPERATING COSTS PARLIAMENTARY SEATS PENSION PENSION FUND PENSION SYSTEM PENSION SYSTEMS PENSIONS POLICY ANALYSIS POLICY ENVIRONMENT POLICY ENVIRONMENTS POLICY REGIME POLITICAL INSTABILITY POLITICAL STABILITY PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY ENROLMENT RATIOS PRIVATE INVESTMENT PROGRESS PROPERTY RIGHTS PUBLIC BUDGETS PUBLIC DEBT PUBLIC DEBT DATA PUBLIC EXPENDITURES PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC PARTICIPATION PUBLIC SPENDING QUALITATIVE INFORMATION QUOTAS REFUGEES REGULATORY FRAMEWORK RENEWABLE RESOURCES REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RESERVES RESOURCE MANAGEMENT RESOURCE USE RISK MANAGEMENT RISK OF DEBT RULE OF LAW RURAL AREAS SAFETY NET SAFETY NETS SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOL SECONDARY SCHOOL ENROLMENT SECURITY SITUATION SOCIAL EXPENDITURES SOVEREIGN BONDS STATUTORY LAW SUB-NATIONAL DEBT SUSTAINABLE GROWTH TARIFF BARRIERS TAX TAX COLLECTION TAX DEDUCTIONS TRADE FACILITATION TRADE REGIMES TRADING TRANSPARENCY USER FEES VALUATION VENTURE CAPITAL VULNERABILITY VULNERABLE PEOPLE WAGES WATER POLLUTION
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Washington, DC
Africa | Middle East and North Africa | Africa | Djibouti | Yemen, Republic of
2014-07-21T16:17:31Z | 2014-07-21T16:17:31Z | 2014-06

This report describes the progress African countries are making on strengthening the quality of policies and institutions that underpin development. It presents Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA) scores for the 39 African countries that are eligible for support from the International Development Association (IDA). This year's report expands coverage to include Djibouti and Yemen from the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA). The scores, which are on a scale of 1 to 6 with 6 being the highest, are an indicator of the quality of these countries' policy and institutional framework across 16 dimensions grouped into four clusters: economic management (Cluster A), structural policies (Cluster B), policies for social inclusion and equity (Cluster C), and public sector management and institutions (Cluster D). The overall quality of policies and institutions in Sub-Saharan African countries held steady in 2013, with divergent performance across countries. The average CPIA score for Sub-Saharan Africa held steady at 3.2 in 2013. But beyond the flat regional average, there was considerable divergence in country performance. For the region's IDA borrowers, scores were in a range of 3.9 to 2.0. A broad-based deepening of policy reforms lifted Rwanda's CPIA score in 2013, and the country joined Cabo Verde and Kenya at the top of the score range. Other top performers include Burkina Faso, Senegal, and Tanzania (all with scores of 3.8). South Sudan and Eritrea remained at the low-end of the score range (2.1 and 2,0, respectively), weighed down by deep policy and governance challenges. The quality of policies and institutions in MENA countries lags behind the average for middle income countries in all CPIA categories with scores lower relative to the Sub-Saharan African IDA country average. Since 2005, neither Yemen nor Djibouti has improved its overall rating; indeed, Yemen's overall policy and institutional score actually declined. The average CPIA score for countries in MENA was 3.0 in 2013, unchanged from 2012. Both Djibouti and Yemen had unchanged scores, indicating that despite unsettled conditions in the region and lingering challenges in global economic conditions, these countries generally opted to maintain their existing policy framework. Djibouti's CPIA score (3.1) was slightly higher than the average while Yemen's was on par with the average.

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