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Youth in Africa's Labor Market

ACCESS TO EDUCATION ACCESS TO INFORMATION AGE GROUP AGE GROUPS AIDS ORPHANS APPRENTICESHIP AVERAGE AGE BASIC EDUCATION CARE OF CHILDREN CHANGES IN FERTILITY CHILD LABOR CHILD WORKERS CROSS-SECTIONAL DATA DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS DEMOGRAPHIC PRESSURE DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DISSEMINATION DROPOUT EARLY ADOLESCENCE EARNING ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC SHOCKS EDUCATION SECTOR EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EDUCATIONAL LEVEL EDUCATIONAL LEVELS EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES EDUCATIONAL PARTICIPATION EMPLOYEE EMPLOYMENT CREATION EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES EMPLOYMENT PROSPECTS EMPLOYMENT SEARCH EMPLOYMENT STATUS ENROLLMENT ENROLLMENT BY AGE ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITIES EPIDEMIC ESTIMATED PROBABILITIES FAMILIES FAMILY LABOR FAMILY MEMBERS FEMALE EDUCATION FEMALE EMPLOYMENT FERTILITY RATES FINDING EMPLOYMENT FINDING WORK FORMAL SCHOOLING FUTURE GENERATIONS GENDER DIFFERENCES GIRLS GLOBAL POPULATION GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROSS PRIMARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENT HEALTH RISKS HIGH ILLITERACY RATES HIV HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD POVERTY HOUSEHOLD RESPONSIBILITIES HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT ILL HEALTH ILLITERACY IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME INCOME DISTRIBUTION INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT INFORMAL SECTOR INTERVENTIONS INVESTMENT IN CHILDREN JOB CREATION JOB MARKET JOB OPPORTUNITIES JOB SEARCH JOBS LABOR DEMAND LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKET EXPERIENCE LABOR MARKET INDICATORS LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES LABOR MARKET POLICIES LABOR MARKET RIGIDITY LABOR MARKETS LABORERS LABOUR LAM LEGAL STATUS LEVEL OF EDUCATION LEVELS OF EDUCATION LIVING CONDITIONS LIVING STANDARDS LOCAL LABOR MARKET LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES LOW-INCOME COUNTRY MALE COUNTERPARTS MALE YOUTH MIGRATION MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINISTRY OF LABOUR MORTALITY NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS NEW ENTRANTS NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS OCCUPATIONAL MOBILITY OCCUPATIONS OLD AGE OLDER CHILDREN ORPHANS PAYING JOBS POLICY CONCERN POLICY DIALOGUE POLICY DISCUSSIONS POLICY FRAMEWORK POLICY IMPLICATIONS POLICY MAKERS POLICY RESPONSE POOR HOUSEHOLDS POPULATION DIVISION POPULATION INCREASES POPULATION PROJECTIONS POVERTY ERADICATION POVERTY REDUCTION PRIMARY COMPLETION PRIMARY COMPLETION RATE PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOLING PRIMARY SOURCE PRIVATE SECTOR PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT PRODUCTIVE WORK PROGRESS QUALITY EDUCATION QUALITY OF EDUCATION RATE OF GROWTH REGIONAL UNEMPLOYMENT RETAIL TRADE RETURNS TO EDUCATION RURAL AREAS RURAL RESIDENCE RURAL RESIDENTS RURAL WORKERS RURAL YOUTH SCHOOL ATTENDANCE SCHOOL SYSTEM SCHOOL TIME SCHOOL YOUTH SCHOOLS SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOL SELF-REGULATION SERVICE SECTOR SEX SKILL DEVELOPMENT SKILLS DEVELOPMENT SMALL ENTERPRISES SOCIAL AFFAIRS SOCIAL CONDITIONS TECHNICAL TRAINING TEENAGERS TEENS TEMPORARY JOBS TERTIARY EDUCATION TRAINING PROGRAMS UNEMPLOYED UNEMPLOYED YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT INDICATORS UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM UNEMPLOYMENT RATE UNEMPLOYMENT RATES UNEMPLOYMENT SPELLS UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS URBAN AREAS URBAN DWELLERS URBAN POVERTY URBAN WORKERS URBAN YOUTH VIOLENCE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION VOCATIONAL SKILLS VULNERABILITY VULNERABLE YOUNG PEOPLE WAGE DIFFERENTIALS WAGE EMPLOYMENT WAGES WAR WARS WORK EXPERIENCE WORK FORCE WORK PROJECT WORKER WORKFORCE WORLD POPULATION YOUNG ADULTS YOUNG FEMALES YOUNG GIRLS YOUNG MALES YOUNG MEN YOUNG PEOPLE YOUNG PERSON YOUNG WOMEN YOUTH YOUTH ACCESS YOUTH EMPLOYMENT YOUTH LABOR YOUTH POPULATION YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE YOUTH WORK
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Washington, DC : World Bank
Africa
2012-05-29T18:21:08Z | 2012-05-29T18:21:08Z | 2008

Youth and Africa have received increased attention in recent policy discussions and World Bank work, as articulated in the Africa action plan and the World Development Report 2007: development and the next generation. The Africa action plan offers a framework to support critical policy and public action led by African countries to achieve well-defined goals, such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The World Development report's main message is that the time has never been better to invest in young people living in developing countries. It offers a three pillar policy framework for investing in and preserving the human capital of the next generation. Both frameworks respond to the desire to find solutions to Africa's development challenges and to prepare for and benefit from the next generation of workers, parents, and leaders. This report examines the challenges Africa's youth face in their transition to working life and proposes policies for meeting these challenges. It presents evidence from case studies of 4 countries - Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Uganda and from household data on 13 countries. The four case studies include a stocktaking of existing policies and programs to address youth employment and labor markets. The overarching message of the report is the call to further invest in the human capital of youth in Sub-Saharan Africa to take advantage of the large youth cohorts there. Youth in Africa leave school too early and enter the labor market unprepared, limiting their contribution to economic growth and increasing their vulnerability to poverty and economic hardship.

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