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Chapter in book
2018
Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit
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Book
2007
Conflict, Displacement and Transformation
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Book
2007
Conflict, Displacement and Transformation
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Report
2005
Nordiska Afrikainstitutet

The African renaissance - the renewal of the continent - effectively started in the last decade of the second millennium. A critical element is the increasing and widespread democratic awakening in all parts of Africa since the early 1990s as evidenced by the number of multi-party elections. Demonstrating their commitment to democracy, African leaders, under the au...

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Report
2005
Nordiska Afrikainstitutet

The African renaissance - the renewal of the continent - effectively started in the last decade of the second millennium. A critical element is the increasing and widespread democratic awakening in all parts of Africa since the early 1990s as evidenced by the number of multi-party elections. Demonstrating their commitment to democracy, African leaders, under the au...

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Report
Research Unit
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Report
2018
Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit

The benefits of winning elections, and the disadvantages of losing them, must be reduced to avoid the violence that a winner-takes-all situation can trigger. Election observers should pay more attention to subtle forms of violence, intra-party tensions and incumbents playing the security card to justify increased use of force. This policy note considers how to curb...

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