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Publications & Research
World Bank, Washington, DC
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140
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Report
Research Unit
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119
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Report
2018
Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit

The benefits of winning elections, and the disadvantages of losing them, must be reduced to avoid the violence that a winner-takes-all situation can trigger. Election observers should pay more attention to subtle forms of violence, intra-party tensions and incumbents playing the security card to justify increased use of force. This policy note considers how to curb...

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16
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Report
2018
Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Research Unit

The benefits of winning elections, and the disadvantages of losing them, must be reduced to avoid the violence that a winner-takes-all situation can trigger. Election observers should pay more attention to subtle forms of violence, intra-party tensions and incumbents playing the security card to justify increased use of force. This policy note considers how to curb...

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